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Hacker: Napoleon Prize?Sir Humphrey: Since Napoleon. That is, if you don't count Hitler.
Foreign Secretary: [...] It's for the statesman who's made the biggest contribution to European unity.
This is when all of Europe becomes united under a single powerful government that either supercedes or in extreme cases supplants the traditional national governments of Europe. Usually, the government in question takes the form of an expanded version of the modern European Union, or is a clear Expy thereof. This trope is often found in stories that take place Twenty Minutes Into the Future.
The dream of a United Europe was very real in the 1950s after World War II - the idea of the mainland throwing off prejudice and becoming one massive Happyland. There is also presumably a connection being drawn by some people with the rise of the USSR and USA - to them, it 'makes sense' that there should be a United States of Europe to join it.
It was also very real before that: See Charlemagne, Louis XII, Napoleon, and Hitler as attempts to violently unify Europe. Oh yeah, there's also Rome, which succeeded in unifying Europe (or at least, a good chunk of what is now considered Europe) and was the example many of the aforementioned leaders sought to emulate.
In Real Life, the European Union is a free-trade area that has gradually evolved to include 'common policy' in areas such as agriculture, standards, border controls, etc etc etc, and has many characteristics of a federation, like a common currency , an elected parliament, a motto, an anthem and a court of justice (while technically, it remains at best confederation due to states remaining independent). While some have called it a de facto federation It is still a long way off being one country, and there is still a great amount of debate about the subject between people who are opposed to expanding the European Union's power and those who are in favour of political unification. Likewise, there is debate on exactly how the EU is supposed to be run, considering how its structure is unlike that of the USA.
A recurring phenomenon in this trope, especially if the creator is British or American, is that Britain will somehow not be part of a United Europe. Oddly enough, the very independent and politically neutral Switzerland, which isn't even in the EU, rarely gets the same treatment. It should come as no surprise, therefore that this trope varies depending on who's making the work in question.
Whether this is destined to be Truth in Television or not, as well as whether it ought to be, depends on who you ask. It remains a very contentious issue on both sides. Let's just say that the EU isn't especially popular in the UK or present-day Greece.
Anime and Manga
- Code Geass has the Euro-Universe which was apparently founded by Napoleon and includes Britain, though the British royal family had him assassinated as they fled to the still-loyal American colonies. They were also the only one of the three original superpowers that was democratic.
- Gundam has several examples.
- Gundam Seed and Gundam Seed Destiny has the Eurasian Federation, a member of the Earth Alliance which (unusually for this trope) includes all of Russia and the Middle East as well as Europe proper.
- Mobile Suit Gundam 00 gives us the Advanced European Union as one of the world's three superpowers, which is (as the name suggests) basically the European Union Twenty Minutes Into the Future.
- The European Confederation is mentioned as the place where all the action happens in The Sky Crawlers, but this isn't elaborated further. Maps still seem to have national borders drawn on them, but they are crossed by private military forces without incident or even mention.
- A.J. Butcher's Spy High has a united Europe called "Europa".
- The European Union has turned into this in Tom Clancy's Endwar.
- Eric Flint's 1632 series features a 'United States of Europe' that comprises Germany, plus bits of France, Denmark, Poland, and Austria. Bringing the rest of the continent into the fold seems to be a long-term objective.
- Incompetence by Red Dwarf creator Rob Grant, where stupidity is a constitutionally protected right.
- The Late, Great Planet Earth by Hal Lindsey.
- In George Orwell's 1984, all of continental Europe and part of (mostly northern) Asia were united in one nation, called appropriately enough "Eurasia", while Great Britain was a part of "Oceania", which consisted of the territories of the Americas and the former British Empire. (Orwell borrowed the vision of a British-American fusion and a Eurasian USSR from the writings of James Burnham, but his own preferred plan was uniting Britain with the other Western European states, minus their colonies, into a democratic Socialist federation.)
- In Andrew Roberts' The Aachen Memorandum, the United Kingdom regains its independence after being under the thumb of a corrupt and dictatorial European Union.
- In the Hex series of novels set Twenty Minutes Into the Future, the main characters are fighting against/fleeing from the forces of the corrupt European Federation.
- In Orson Scott Card's Alternate History series Alvin Maker, Napoleon suceeds in this by not engaging in his disastrous invasion of Russia and declaring a unilateral cease-fire with Britain.
- In John Barnes Mother of Storms the European Union has both become more cohesive and taken a racist turn, expelling everyone of non-European descent. By the end of the book it's started to come apart at the seams due to the title crisis.
- Star Trek: The Next Generation has mentioned both a United States of Europe and a European Alliance.
- White Wolf's Scion RPG, though set in the present day actually has EU Armed Forces, which the EU does not have although whether it should remains a matter of discussion. In all fairness, said EU Armed Forces were in a story in which the end of the world was in full swing and it is entirely possible that such a situation might cause a united response from Europe.
- The main superpower of the world in R. Talsorian's Cyberpunk 2020 (by virtue of both economics and a huge lunar-based railgun of mass destruction) is an expy of the EU.
- Transhuman Space has an expanded EU (including Montreal), but only slightly increased powers (the main one being the Genetic Regulation Agency, which polices the Europe-wide ban on bioroid slavery). Several sourcebooks note that Europe has very few federal powers.
- In Steve Jackson Games' wargame OGRE, the Paneuropean Federation is this. In the Expanded Universe, its conquest of Britain is a major turning point, because this gives it the designs to create the eponymous supertank.
- Partially averted in Ground Zero Games' 'verse (used for the miniatures games Full Thrust, Dirtside II and Stargrunt II: Europe has actually split into the New Swabian League (Germany and Austria), the Federal States of Europe (France, Spain, Italy), and the Scandanavian Federation (Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and a reluctant Finland). Britain, meanwhile, is part of the New Anglian Confederation (which also includes the US and Canada).
- Neo Tech has a European superstate (and a separate Scandinavian Union, and Madagasque superpower, but that's a different story entirely).
- The EU from Battlefield 2142.
- The Battlefield 2 expansion Euro Force features an EU Army, which implies a somewhat more unified Europe than today.
- In Front Mission, the "European Commonwealth" is the oldest superstate (the others being the OCU which includes most nations of the Pacific Ocean, and the USN, which is the US except that now all of the Americas are part of it) in Front Mission 4, its leaders are presented as fairly incompetent, and in Front Mission 3, which happens after FM4, Europe is presented as an economical superpower, but do not act directly in the story.
- In Tom Clancy's End War, the European Federation is one of three playable factions, being thrown into World War III because of the Russians tampering with a European satellite.
- Interestingly enough, the only major countries left outside the EF are the New Commonwealth (the result of Ireland and the UK leaving the Union) and Switzerland.
- A mod for Civilization IV included in the Beyond the Sword expansion has one of the four global factions of the far future be "Europa". Doesn't include Britain, which is part of America, Inc, but does include northern Algeria for some reason.
- It basically is Nineteen Eighty-Four, but with another State; Algeria is there because the France connection, no doubt.
- Mass Effect 2 gives this a nod - Earth is still run by various nations, but the only powers ever talked about are China, an expanded and reorganized United States of America (now including Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean islands), and the European Union.
- A mod for Europa Universalis 3 allows you to create the European Union by taking control of the capitals of the EU as it is right now (that is, Lisbon, Madrid, London, Paris, Rome, Berlin...). Uniting Europe is also a common goal for veteran players.
- The United States of Europe in Endgame. However, the characters have American accents.
- In Orions Arm not only does the US Balkanize but the EU eventually develops into the European Federation, but that isn't mentioned much as most of the interesting stuff happens thousands of years after humanity is driven off earth.
- The German-dominated Greater European Economic Union or GEEU for short in Decades of Darkness unites most of Europe outside the Russian Federation.
- The German-controlled Northern European Alliance in Weimar World from Alternate History Dot Com is pretty much this.
- ↑ not for all member states though - the "Euro zone" is smaller than the Union. Countries like Britain and Denmark are Union members but have retained their own currencies