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When movies or TV shows need an establishing shot of the characters watching TV, especially when it has no bearing on the plot, the producers will often try to save money by having the characters watch something whose rights they don't have to license.
So all too often, what you'll see is people incongruously watching old, old, old programming that hasn't even been shown in Syndication since the late 1980s, like silent movies or, more often, ancient Max Fleischer or Paul Terry cartoons for that extra visual kick. For bonus incongruity, sometimes it will be out of character for the character to even be watching the show in question.
Though they often occur for different reasons, this trope is sometimes related to Pac-Man Fever. May sometimes overlap with There's No B in Movie, as cheapie genre films from before 1964 are particularly likely to have lapsed into the Public Domain. So have some telefilms, such as The Woman Hunter from 1972.
- Will Ferrell's character in Wedding Crashers watches this.
- Kill Bill Vol. 2 ends with a character watching a 1946 Heckle and Jeckle cartoon.
- A kid watches the old cartoon "Balloon Land" in Merlin's Shop of Mystical Wonders.
- A teenager watches Harold Lloyd's The Freshman in an early scene in The Haunting In Connecticut.
- American PBS stations in the 1980s and early '90s effectively became this trope around Christmastime, thanks to the constant broadcasts of It's a Wonderful Life.
- This tradition ended when it was found that the story on which it was based, The Greatest Gift, is still copyrighted. Now NBC is the sole home of the film, which only plays it around Thanksgiving and Christmas.
- Laurie Strode watches this in Rob Zombie's Halloween 2.
- In The Garbage Pail Kids Movie, the title characters sneak into a movie theater showing The Three Stooges shorts. The movie was made (and set) in 1987.
- In the movie Killing Zoe, during the early sex scene between protagonists Zed and Zoe, the hotel television plays the silent classic Nosferatu.
- Anthony Hopkins is seen watching Night of the Living Dead in the film Proof.
- The Three Stooges short Brideless Groom is seen in Pulp Fiction, being watched by Eric Stoltz's character. Interestingly enough, Quentin Tarantino wasn't allowed to show The Three Stooges onscreen since their likenesses were copyrighted.
- Ghost Dog: Way of the Samurai has old cartoons playing somewhere in almost every scene featuring the Vargo family, symbolic of their bumbling and (relative) toothlessness. After Louise takes over and has Ghost Dog killed, her last act in the film is to turn them off.
- When they hold Jack prisoner, The Others on Lost let him watch an old Heckle and Jeckle cartoon on a TV set they provide.
- Bobbi Stakowski is shown watching an old Three Stooges clip in the pilot episode of Profit. The creators admit it wasn't a likely choice for her character but they didn't have a licensing budget.
- In a related move, many TV documentaries and biography shows will use footage from a theatrical trailer rather than the film itself. Even if studios carefully protected the copyrights for their movies, most of the trailers were ignored and fell into public domain.
- The X-Files pulled this all the damn time.
- In Buffy, Faith was often watching old movies in her motel room.
- Doctor Who:
- In "Midnight", the entertainment screens on the shuttle bus only show old black-and-white movies. Unlike most examples of the trope, the characters are aware that they're old movies, and aren't especially entertained.
- In the opening "The Impossible Astronaut", Rory is watching a Laurel and Hardy movie, The Flying Deuces, which is out of copyright. Presumably this has something to do with the fact that the Doctor shows up in it briefly to wave at him -- getting permission to alter something under copyright is going to be a lot more difficult than merely getting permission to show a clip from it. The other reason is probably because of the fezzes.
- In The Darkness, there are several televisions around the area. On one of the channels, an old Max Fleischer cartoon is playing.
- In an old X-Files PC game, you could turn on televisions which only showed old movies.
- Actually, it plays The Keystone Kops, which is a reference to a much earlier episode, "Syzygy." There, the old movie was actually a metaphor for how off-base the agents were in their investigation.
- The opening title sequence of Futurama always included a different clip of an old cartoon.
- Though in one episode they used a clip from the Tracy Ullman Simpsons shorts, and in another they used the opening sequence of the show itself. (Try wrapping your head around that!)