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The nearly impossibly smart guy; A Stock Character exemplified on Gilligan's Island and MacGyver. Probably started off as a Teen Genius and is capable of many an Ass Pull, Deus Ex Machina, or, um, Polarity Reversal. May or may not rely on Techno Babble. Is the source of much Applied Phlebotinum, but is incapable of providing a solution that would thwart the show's premise (the Professor couldn't get the rest of the gang off that darn island, Ziggy couldn't bring Sam home on Quantum Leap). Often gets to be Mr. Exposition. Fluent in Sesquipedalian Loquaciousness and Sounds of Science. If he plays a game, it's inevitably Chess, because Smart People Play Chess.
Compare Omnidisciplinary Scientist and Absent-Minded Professor, may study a Fantastic Science instead of a regular one. May have hints of being a SPOCK, but this is usually not central to the figure. Combining this figure with the Mad Scientist is a common subversion. Sometimes, in fact, The Professor is an ex-Mad Scientist who has pulled a Heel Face Turn and now works for the good guys. Or just a Reluctant Mad Scientist or sufferer of Science-Related Memetic Disorder who happens to not be evil. Or a regular Mad Scientist among Villain Protagonists.
Contrast the more pragmatic Gadgeteer Genius who is more of an eccentric Mr. Fixit who constructs elaborate Rube Goldberg Devices. The Professor can be Mr Fixit too, provided he gets it working on the first try.
Anime and Manga
- A staple in almost every Super Robot series. Some of the quintessential examples are:
- From Go Nagai's Mazinger saga:
- Dr. Gennosuke Yumi and the Morimori/Nozori/Sewashi triad from Mazinger Z. Note that the series also subverts this, since Dr. Juuzou Kabuto is sometimes The Professor and sometimes a Mad Scientist, depending heavily on which canon we're talking about.
- Dr. Kenzou Kabuto from Great Mazinger.
- Dr. Umon from Grendizer
- From Tadao Nagahama's Robot Romance Trilogy:
- Dr. Nanbara and Dr. Yotsuya from Combattler V.
- Dr. Kentarō Gō from Voltes V (who also was: the Dragon's Disappeared Dad), along with Dr. Hamaguchi and Dr. Sakunji (who bordered on Sadist Teacher)
- Dr. Shinnichirou Izumi from Daimos, also Kazuya's foster father after the guy's dad (Dr. Ryuuzaki, another professor) is murdered when he's a child.
- Dr. Saotome (though he's more of a Mad Scientist in some continuities) from Getter Robo
- Professor Shiba from Kotetsu Jeeg.
- Dr. Ritsuko Akagi from Neon Genesis Evangelion plays this role in the cast, plus maybe just a bit of Omnidisciplinary Scientist, Mad Scientist, and Hot Scientist too.
- From Go Nagai's Mazinger saga:
- Dr. Kozaburo Nambu from Science Ninja Team Gatchaman.
- Dr. Isaac Gilmore from Cyborg 009. Also of the "ex Mad Scientist" type, one of the most memorable episodes of the 2001 series depicts with very brutal details how Gilmore, with his reputation in tatters after a failed experiment, is taken in by Black Ghost and later defects, unable to deal with their horrible methods anymore. There are also Dr. Finder, Dr. Ross and Dr. Kouzumi...
- Reed "Mr. Fantastic" Richards of the Fantastic Four.
- Charles "Professor X" Xavier of the X-Men.
- The Beast fits this role even better. Despite being a Doctor...
- Forge also had elements of this while on the team.
- Professor Calculus from Tintin, invents some remarkable devices ranging from a submarine to a sonic weapon, works on a Moon rocket, somewhat eccentric, quite deaf.
- The Count in Spirou and Fantasio can extract almost any chemical from mushrooms, build a submarine and electronical mind-control countermeasures, is old fashioned in his way of dressing and speaking, and can be very absent minded at times.
- Adhemar from The Adventures of Nero, who looks like a baby in a smoking.
- Gyro Gearloose in Donald Duck comics.
- Favalli in El Eternauta
- Kalish in Universal War One.
- Dr. Emmett "Doc" Brown from the Back to The Future trilogy. Also exhibits qualities of a Mad Scientist.
- The movie Arachnophobia has an entomologist named Prof. Atherton, who is usually referred to by John Goodman's character as 'The Professor'.
- The Professor in charge of filmy students in Diary of the Dead turns out to be ex-military and so the best person suited to guiding the teen-cast through the zombies.
- The film version of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen puts Nemo in this role, and Jekyll to a lesser extent.
- North by Northwest has a character who is literally referred to as "The Professor," although he's less of an impossibly brilliant man of science! and more of a cloak-and-dagger spy type.
- Henry Walton "Indiana" Jones, Jr. Ph.D. from the "Indiana Jones" movie series is also a professor of archeology when he is not fighting nazis, thuggees or recently communists.
- Leonard of Quirm, in the Discworld novels. An exaggeration of Leonardo da Vinci, Leonard sometimes appears to be a one-man Industrial Revolution.
- Partially subverted in that Lord Vetinari keeps him locked up in a prison (though Leonard is having so much fun inventing stuff he doesn't notice) so he can't throw off the balance of the city or give gadgets to the heroes.
- Abraham Van Helsing in Dracula. Is there nothing he doesn't know about? Could also be seen as a forerunner for the idea of the genius with the funny foreign accent (he's Dutch) as well as a medley of eccentricities.
- Several novels by Jules Verne, especially The Mysterious Island.
- Early example: Merlin of Arthurian Legend is a magical version.
- Hermione Granger and Remus Lupin from Harry Potter.
- Professor Adelung in The Death of the Vazir Mukhtar.
- Faust is possibly the granddaddy of this trope. Although he has been presented in different lights, Christopher Marlowe depicted him as the most learned scholar on earth but so hungry for more knowledge that he sold his soul for it. Once this happens, instead of doing anything intelligent, he hits the pope with a fish. It makes sense in context.
- Professor William Race of Temple by Matthew Reilly.
- Blackberry of Watership Down, given his limitations as an animal, is also The Professor. He may not understand the physics involved, but he'll devise plans that rely on buoyancy, tensile strength or leverage just the same.
Live Action TV
- Marco Pacella (and, later and to a greater degree, Dr Kevin Burkhoff) from The 4400.
- Professor Wickwire of The Adventures of Brisco County Jr.
- Walter White of Breaking Bad exemplifies this trope. From breaking into a high security chemical storage facility using the thermite from an etch-a-sketch to using mercury fulminate in order to blow up an entire floor of a drug dealer's headquarters, the man's chief weapon is his degree in chemistry.
- On Doctor Who, Ace called the Seventh Doctor "Professor". Despite his irritation at this sobriquet, all of the Doctor's incarnations have had at least an element of The Professor about them.
- And, of course, there's Professor Yana from Utopia
- On the Spin of of Doctor Who. The Sarah Jane adventures episode "Death of the Doctor" says that Ian and Barbara became Professor. 
- The actual Professor from Gilligan's Island (his rarely-used real name was Dr. Roy Hinkley) used lots of Bamboo Technology.
- Mohinder Suresh from Heroes.
- Sayid is Lost's Professor, creating and fixing all sorts of gizmos using only what he can find in the plane wreckage or the hatch. Of course, none of these gadgets got him off the island though he did indeed get home in season 4.
- Until they introduce Daniel Faraday who is, in fact, a theoretical physicist.
- On Stargate SG-1, both Dr. Daniel Jackson (Cunning Linguist and Adventurer Archaeologist) and Major Samantha Carter (physicist and a female Mr. Fixit) fill that role. Both became a prime example of the Hot Scientist trope.
- Scotty from Star Trek.
- Dr. Helen Magnus from Sanctuary is a hot scientist who specializes in crypto-zoology and xenobiology. Very much The Professor.
- Ray Langston from CSI, who actually picked up the nickname "The Professor" due to his being one before becoming a CSI.
- Professor Frankly of Paper Mario the Thousand Year Door.
- Professor E. Gadd also qualifies.
- Half Life is full of these. The first game has them as allies who will open security doors for you (portrayed with three or four generic character models) while the sequels all have specific characters, most notably Dr. Kleiner who fits the archetype to a tee. Gordon Freeman himself may also be an example, although this is hard to tell since he's a Heroic Mime.
- Although some of the technology seen in the games is quite impressive, it seems Gordon does not have anything to do with developing said technology despite his thesis about teleportation, or "Observation of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement on Supraquantum Structures by Induction Through Nonlinear Transuranic Crystal of Extremely Long Wavelength (ELW) Pulse from Mode-Locked Source Array" (a.k.a. "Blasting Green Rocks with lasers") to friends. Apparently, Dr. Freeman focused rather heavily on his minor curriculum of Gunplay and Fieldcraft (and possibly Switch Flipping 101).
- Professor Layton, full stop.
- Elco from the Sleeper Hit Western RPG Sudeki pretty much nails this on the head and drills it home with magical laser guns. He does actively participate in a lot of fighting, though, so he's a bit different from the standard all-support role.
- Dr. Light from Mega Man.
- Professor Mordin Solus of Mass Effect 2.
- Roughly half the cast of the Metal Gear games qualify for the trope in at least a few respects, although Otacon probably comes closest to fulfilling it.
- Grant Florian of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha As Portable: The Gears of Destiny, the father and creator of the Florian sisters. A brilliant and benevolent, if sometimes overenthusiastic, scientist who devotes most of his time trying to find a way to reverse the death of his home planet.
- Riff from Sluggy Freelance, despite being a master of wacky hijinks and Brilliant but Lazy, is actually a very skilled scientist who invents anything from a Dimensional Flux Agitator to a toaster that can shoot toast through walls.
- The Phoenix Requiem: Moretty.
- Kevyn Andreyasn of Schlock Mercenary, and lately Para Ventura as well.
- Dr. Amos Messing of the Amazing Three, in the Whateley Universe. Not that he's a parody of anyone else on this list whose initials might be 'RR'...
- A minor character in Darwin's Soldiers: Card of Ten is referred to only as "the professor."
- The Global Guardians PBEM Universe has both Herr Doktor Archeville and The Academician. The former is a world-renowned scientist who uses his advanced technology to fight crime. The latter is the leader of the People's Republic of China's official hero team. Both are among the smartest men in the world.
- Professor Membrane Invader Zim is a prime example going so far as to make the Perpetual Energy Generator AKA P.E.G.
- "The man without whom this world falls into chaos, and the inventor of SUPER-TOAST!"
- Professor Utonium from Powerpuff Girls is possibly one of the kindest and most fatherly characters here- although in one episode he realises that pretty much everything good he ever invented was by accident, from the titular girls to Sloppy Joe's.
- Professor Frink of The Simpsons. He may have Tourettes Shitcock Syndrome thanks to his "Who-hey, Glavin" tic. He also qualifies as an amicable Mad Scientist thanks to his crazy inventions.
- Also a parody of the original Jerry Lewis version of The Nutty Professor.
- Professor Hubert Farnsworth from Futurama is a subversion. He's capable of making many wondrous and useful inventions at times and some incredibly odd/hilariously simple ones but due to his age (160 years old as of the second season), he often has many odd habits that belie his intelligence. He also has Mad Scientist tendencies, perhaps more so than Doc Brown from Back to The Future.
- Dexter from Dexter's Laboratory, despite his age, almost exemplifies this trope.
- Dr. Benton Quest from Jonny Quest is an especially egregious example. One must presume he holds multiple degrees and doctorates, as he is apparently qualified to work in an absurdly diverse number of science fields from anthropology to astrophysics without much assistance.
- Parodied in the form of Dr. Thaddeus Venture of The Venture Brothers, who is not actually a doctor, having dropped out of school two months before getting his degree. While most of his inventions do actually work, his success is often due more to blind luck and other people's perceptions of him than any actual skill. Also an example of a Mad Scientist, as many of his inventions are monstrously destructive or unethical, including an "Ooo-ray" that somehow melts buildings with sound waves, and a dream machine powered by the heart of an orphan. Venture's twin brother, Jonas Venture Jr., his good fraternal twin, is a more straight application of the trope, but is still played for comedic value.
- In the sequel-series Extreme Ghostbusters, Egon Spengler found himself playing his role to the new blood.
- Cornelius Robinson, the older form of the protagonist in Meet the Robinsons. Graduated college at age 14 and went on to invent flying cars, self constructing buildings, time machines and much of the rest of the future's technology.
- King of the Hill gets a quick shot-in at this when Dale believes he's been transported into a distant future. As he looks around the landscape, he remarks, "It's times like this I wish I had a friend called 'The Professor!'"
- Disney's Professor Ludwig Von Drake.
- Okay it was also said they hadn't aged since the 60's, though that could mean anything.