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A crime has been committed, usually a murder. In the subsequent investigation, Bob seems to be going out of his way to make himself a suspect. He may confess right at the start, or just draw attention to himself by refusing to co-operate with the investigators, even when it would appear to be in his interests to do so. Or he may not make himself known immediately, but will suddenly show up at the cop shop two-thirds of the way through, ready to confess, even though he's never been a suspect. Why? Because he's Taking the Heat for Alice.
In a classical whodunnit, it will usually turn out that Alice is innocent after all, and Bob was acting on a misapprehension. (Whether Alice is more flattered by Bob's care or offended that he was able to think she'd done it will vary from case to case.) Some authors have gone for the double-whammy, where Bob tries to take the heat for Alice while Alice tries to take the heat for Bob, and in fact neither did it.
In more "cynical" series, it may instead turn out that Alice did indeed do it, but Bob has some reason for feeling she should be spared punishment: Alice can't handle prison, Alice has less than a year to live, the victim raped Alice and only Bob knows, Alice has a degenerative brain disorder and doesn't know she did it... And sometimes Bob may actually think he's protecting an innocent Alice - all while she's pulling his strings to get him to take the heat for her.
In classic whodunnits, the usual way to expose Bob's lie is by lying right back at him; in the same way as the murderer always gives away that he knows too much about the crime, Bob can be tricked into revealing he doesn't know enough. Saying "So it was you who shot him?" when the victim was clubbed over the head usually does the trick.
Contrast I Won't Say I'm Guilty.
- Detective Conan features this once in a while:
- In a two-part episode Shougo, the president of a small-time entertainment company, was having some problems with a TV station's manager, who had been extorting him - and then the jerk wound up dead of poisoning. Shougo was discovered to have hidden some evidence, then tried to take the rap for the crime until the titular character (through Kogoro) revealed the true culprit... It was his office assistant and Love Interest, Maiko. She had murdered the TV manager because she knew he was causing problems for Shougo; she then called him, told him what she did, and threw herself from the nearest window. Shougo hid Maiko's body in the trunk of his car, then hid the evidence that she had committed the crime while being fully prepared to take the blame in order to preserve his beloved's good name. Conan had deduced this much as well, revealed it through Kogoro, and in the end Shougo was let go.
- Another example from the Night Baron Virus case: Ran thought that Satoru, the karate champion she fangirled upon was the murderer, and was heartbroken over it..., but Conan finds out that he was planting evidence against himself to divert attention from the true murderer, his Broken Bird girlfriend, Aiko, who killed the Asshole Victim to avenge her dead brother. The dude was arrested too, but that was because he took the heat.
- In another case, the businessman Ryouta and his Office Lady girlfriend Fumie embezzled 30 million yen, but Fumie pulled this trope to protect her "partner". Ryouta was so horrified and griefstricken that he killed her so she wouldn't spend the rest of her life in jail to protect him.
- Ohta does this for Cobalt in Sailor Nothing. After all, while they have proof that Ohta did the act, they have no proof that he was doing it under someone else's orders.
- The Lieze sisters of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha A's attempt to do this for their master, but as their master said, their captor already knew everything so it was useless to lie.
- This happens in Ore no Imouto ga Konna ni Kawaii Wake ga Nai, when Kyosuke takes the heat for Kirino's H-games when their dad found out. This is particularly hilarious as this means Kyousuke admits he is (1) using Kirino's computer (2) in Kirino's room (3) to play H-games (4) of a siscon nature.
- He does it again to help patch Kirino and her friend, Ayase's, friendship after the latter found out about her hobby. Really, this seems to be his plan A.
- In Tantei Opera Milky Holmes, Cordelia lets herself go to jail for stealing bread rather than let Fish Paste, the girls' new pet cat, be thrown out, since she believes the cat is the only thing holding them together. She is freed, but prison warps with her mind a bit.
- Attempted by Aya Misaki in the Oniisama e... anime Manipulated by two elder Sorority girls, Aya's Girl Posse Miyuki and Megumi steal and almost burn the singature books requesting for the dissolution of the Sorority. Aya then takes the blame for the two girls when they're confronted, but after she leaves the school, her friends reveal what truly happened to Kaoru, Junko, Nanako and Tomoko.
- In Anatolia Story, Yuri is falsely accused of having killed Kail's older brother King Arnuwanda. Then, Yuri's friend and Lady in Waiting Ursula decides to counter this via invoking the trope, then letting herself be executed in Yuri's place.
- Played for comic effect at the climax of the 1996 movie Mrs. Winterbourne: the two main characters, both innocent of the murder that's been committed but thinking each other guilty, try to take the heat for each other. And then the two main supporting characters, despite having little or no idea what's going on, try just as insistently to take the heat themselves. It turns out the police already have the (completely unrepentant) real murderer in custody, -- a bit character just barely glimpsed earlier in the movie -- and weren't looking for suspects at all.
- In The Maltese Falcon, Sam Spade demands that one of Mr. Gutman's minions takes the heat for the three murders. Spade is innocent of the murders, but the cops would blame him for them anyway. Therefore, part of the price he demands for the falcon is a 'fall guy' to take the heat.
- The main character's husband does this - very briefly - in Chicago. He stops the moment he finds out why she did it.
- In the movie I Love You To Death (loosely based on a real attempted murder) Rosalie Boca makes several attempts to murder her husband Joey for cheating on her with other women, and is helped by her mother Nadja and her friend Devo, who's in love with her. When the cops finally do find out, the three try to cover for each other by saying the other two had nothing to do with it. Nadja claims her daughter begged her not to kill Joey, but she went on anyway, explaining, "I'm her mother, I do what I want."
- Happens thrice in The Dark Knight. First, it's subverted by the gangster who changes his testimony on the stand to take the fall for Maroni's crimes. Shortly afterwards, he reveals his true purpose: To assassinate Harvey in open court. Second, Harvey Dent falsely confesses to being Batman, so the real Batman can still catch the Joker. At the end of the film, Batman convinces Gordon to blame him for the murders committed by Dent (now Two-Face), in order to preserve Dent's reputation and thus the people of Gotham's faith in their Knight in Shining Armor.
- In the The King and the Clown the king's jealous consort frames Gong-gil, the king's new favourite, for defamation. Because Jaeng-sang's writing is identical to Gong-gil's (having learned by imitation) he is able to step in and takes the fall for it. Not that this is any better a solution to Gong-gil.
- A favorite of many mystery-novel giants.
- The Moonstone by Wilkie Collins, the very first English detective novel, used this trope. The two main suspects (both female) turn out to have been independently covering for the same man, whom they both love, after seeing what each believes to be proof that he stole the eponymous gemstone.
- Agatha Christie loved this trick, and even worked in the occasional subversion -- like revealing that Alice and Bob were in it together the whole time, and each blamed themselves alone in order to throw Poirot (or whoever was the detective that time around) off the scent.
- Sherlock Holmes: a character caught red-handed with a gold circlet refuses to talk, because the real culprit is his stepsister. And he's in love with her. Curiously, Holmes interprets his stubborn silence as a sign of innocence - otherwise he would have made up an alibi.
- Nero Wolfe, a major part of the plot of The Second Confession. The first confession, signed by a patsy, is phony. Wolfe makes him tear it up, and elicits a second confession from the real murderer.
- Used in the Discworld novel Feet of Clay, much to Sergeant Colon's confusion: "You got a confession and there it ended. You didn't go around disbelieving people. You disbelieved people when they said they were innocent. Only guilty people were trustworthy."
- Used in Margery Allingham's Albert Campion novel Death of a Ghost with the twist that the person making the false confession IS the actual murder, he just describes the murder in such a way as to throw suspicion off himself and make it look like he's covering up for someone else.
- Figuring out why this is happening makes up most of the plot of Iorich. Aliera was arrested on a very stupid, transparent charge and she refuses to talk to a lawyer or put up a decent defense. Vlad decides that even if she is a Jerkass, he'd still prefer she didn't get executed, and he finds the idea of her owing him her life hilarious.
- In Dorothy L. Sayers's Lord Peter Wimsey novel Nine Tailors, two brothers both try to cover for each other. The police throw them into the same room and eavesdrop. When they both realize that the other didn't do it, they both cooperate.
- In O. Henry's Friends in San Rosario a banker tells the story of a time when the contents of his vault disappeared, and his best friend confessed to losing it all in a poker game. He later discovered that his friend had seen him stealing it, not realizing that he was sleepwalking at the time.
- In Jim Butcher's Turn Coat, Morgan takes the rap for Luccio for the murder of a senior member of the wizards' White Council, since he's in love with her and she was mind-controlled into performing the murder.
- In The Westing Game, Turtle takes the heat for the bombs her sister Angela set, going so far as to set a bomb of her own.
- Occasionally seen on Law and Order.
- Sometimes in modified form, where people confess on the stand to create reasonable doubt for the current defendant but have no intention of ever actually being prosecuted themselves.
- Subverted in one episode of Law and Order: Criminal Intent: a woman confesses to killing her husband, but gets the details wrong. The detectives figure she's taking the heat for her lover. However, it turns out that she did kill her husband, and deliberately made a mistake in her confession to make it look like she was covering for someone in order to create reasonable doubt.
- Rumpole of the Bailey: The case where the defendant was found standing over the victim's body and immediately said "I did it."
- Foyle's War has done several variations.
- The miniseries Blackpool did a beautifully-executed subversion: After one of the detectives makes it clear that he has it in for the main suspect, the suspect's son confesses to the murder. Everyone immediately realises that he's Taking the Heat for his father, and he's let off with a warning about wasting police time. And then it eventually turns out that he did do it, albeit in self-defence.
- A union leader in Life On Mars tried to cover up a fatal industrial accident at his mill to keep it from being shut down (and his members losing their jobs) by confessing to having murdered the accident victim.
- In the CSI episode "The Unusual Suspect", the accused's 12-year-old sister takes the heat mid-trial. She later points out that, as a juvenile, she'll only be in prison until she's 21, and the book rights to her story will be worth millions.
- In a CSI New York episode, a guy walks into a police station holding a gun claiming to have shot a doctor. He turns out to have been taking the heat for his wife: the guy had a terminal illness and the doctor had conned the couple out of their savings with a quack treatment involving leeches leading the wife to shoot her. He wanted to be sent to jail in her place seeing as he didn't have long to live.
- An episode of Columbo ended with a friend of the murderer confessing to the crime; because of a brain tumor (that was going to cause her death in an estimated six months) the murderer didn't remember that she committed the crime. As he's being taken away, Columbo, who knows the truth, gently points out that the evidence will eventually show he didn't do it. The confessor agrees, but figures it would probably take about six months or so for that to happen.
- In the Keen Eddie episode "Black Like Me", the character Georgie turns himself in and confesses to a jewel heist. Eddie refuses to believe that Georgie is a criminal and figures out that the girl Georgie loves asked him to take the fall, so she and her real boyfriend, a murderous crook, can get away with it.
- Bones: Temperance Brennan gets the defense to portray her as someone with the motive and opportunity to kill the victim (albeit justifiably) to provide reasonable doubt for a jury during her father's trial.
- One episode of Due South had a couple trying to take the heat for each other in a murder case. Neither was guilty, but because both had a reason to want the victim dead and weren't looking in the right direction at the moment the murder occurred, they each believed the other was responsible until Fraser learned about and captured the actual killer.
- On an episode of The Glades, a potential suspect, who otherwise denies the crime and has the potential for a good alibi, immediately confesses to the murder when he finds out they have DNA of the killer and all they have to do is test him to have conclusive evidence. Jim immediately believes the confession is false and done to prevent any DNA comparison, because enough people have seen forensics on TV to know that DNA can show people are related, in this case showing that the man didn't commit the crime but a close blood relative (his son) did.
- On Castle, when the mother of a 2-kid family was being taken in for questioning about the dissappearance and possible murder of the other 3, they find the dad and bring him in, he calls out that he killed the son to take the heat off the daughter, and the mom hears and shoots him. The daughter got off rather light.
- On My Name Is Earl, Joy is on her third strike after stealing a truck (that happened to have someone in back). She almost goes to prison, but Earl sees that Darnell and the kids are already starting to suffer without her. So even though he didn't do it (although he did help Joy try and cover it up), and even though he knows he'll lose his newly-acquired job, apartment, and girlfriend, Earl says that he did it and that his fingerprints are all over the truck (which they are). He goes to prison for most of Season 3.
- In Thirty Rock, Tracy Jordan makes his first "serious" movie Hard To Watch, which ends with his character volunteering to confess to a crime his brother committed.
- In Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney, in the final case of the third game, Maya Fey tries to take the heat for Godot having murdered Maya's mother, who was channeling the spirit of Dahlia Hawthorne at the time, who thought she was being channeled by Pearl Fey, who was really... Oh hell,just go look up the case on Game FAQs and have fun figuring it out, this troper's brain -still- hurts.
- More straightforwardly, case 5 of the first game has the client trying to take the heat for her former boss, Damon Gant, as he's blackmailing her with (faked) evidence that her sister committed manslaughter. Although having been an accessory to the murder, she's not entirely innocent herself.
- In Case 3 of Ace Attorney Investigations, Colin Devorae takes the heat for the Amano Group's dealings with the smuggling ring.
- A big, BIG plot point in Dual Destinies: the main prosecutor of the game, Simon Blackquill, is in death row for the murder of his mentor, Metis Cykes, which he never commited. He's doing this for the person he believes to be the real culprit, a then-preteen Athena Cykes aka Metis' daughter - she didn't do it either, but near all the proof pointed at her, so Simon said that he was the real killer in an attempt to protect her. Athena, who suffers of Trauma-Induced Amnesia regarding the deal, specifically became a lawyer to save Simon from dying for her sake..
- Played silly in Ghost Trick, where both Missile and Sissel treat Missle's taking the blame for breaking Lynne's headphones (to protect Kamilla) as the noble act of a warrior. One might consider it foreshadowing for the way Jowd confesses to his wife's murder to protect Kamilla, who accidentally killed her with a birthday contraption.
- Seen in an episode of Fillmore, when a suspect took the heat in exchange for the real culprit's help getting his sister into school politics.
- A two-part episode of King of the Hill uses the double-whammy version.