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Sir Thomas Malory (c. 1405--1471; his name is also spelt Mallory and a handful of other variants) was an English writer whose version of the King Arthur mythos, Le Morte d'Arthur, is often treated as the definitive version. This is partially due to the fact that the book was one of the first to be printed in Britain (by William Caxton in 1485, 14 years after Malory's death), and subsequently reached a high circulation.
Le Morte d'Arthur means The Death of Arthur; it was originally only the title of the 8th and last "book" of Malory's narrative, which he named The Whole Book of King Arthur & of His Noble Knights of the Round Table. It was Caxton that changed the title to the one that was afterwards almost universally used, presumably because it was shorter.
Oddly enough, in popular scholarly opinion Malory was himself an evil knight, who wrote the tale during his various stints in prison for robbery, murder, and rape.
Tropes exemplified by Le Morte d'Arthur:
- Adaptation Distillation
- Courtly Love
- Dark Age Europe
- Fan Nickname: His definitive rendition of Arthurian legend originally didn't have a name. It was later called Le Morte d'Arthur because it was the most well-known part of the rendition.
- Good Old Ways: Courtly Love is not what it was in King Arthur's day! (Newer Than They Think is Older Than They Think.)
- Incorruptible Pure Pureness
- In Which a Trope Is Described
- King Arthur: Duh
- Load-Bearing Boss
- Only the Chosen May Wield: The Sword in the Stone.
- Tsundere: Queen Guinevere