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Since All Psychology Is Freudian according to Hollywood Psych, the ideas of Sigmund Freud, while largely discredited today, are brought up and explored in popular media. One of the ideas that's propogated the most, even if people don't realize it, is the idea of the Id, Superego, and Ego. Since the three are basically three competing elements of the human psyche, it's easy to extrapolate this into a group of three characters, with each character representing each element. In other words, a Freudian Trio.
But what exactly are the Id, Superego and Ego? Freud theorized that the human psyche was made of three constructs whose interactions determine the behavior of the person in question. In general, the Id handled instinctual behavior, the Superego desired for critical and moral behavior that fit within social norms and the Ego played the realistic and rational role.
Also important to note is that the terms "Id", "Superego" and "Ego" were not used by Freud: being Austrian, he used the terms "das Es", "das Über-Ich" and "das Ich", or "the It", "the Over-I" and "the I", respectively. To German-speakers, these ideas were more or less self-explanatory by the names but his English translator James Strachey found it difficult to find English terms that had the same weight. Strachey decided to go with Gratuitous Latin instead.
Simply put, the Id comprises the basic, instinctual drives, acting according to the "pleasure principle." With Id alone, humankind is essentially no better than any other animal. The Id is, by definition, both completely disorganized and completely unconscious: no one is capable of intentionally acting on pure Id. The Id has no judgments of anything; there is no good or evil and no sense of morality at all.
Freud described the Id has having two basic instincts that are opposite but equally present: the life instinct and the death instinct. The life instinct is the desire to create -- and since this is an article on Freud, you should already know what kind of "creation" it's referring to. More generally, it encompasses a desire to bring organic life into fruition and fulfillment; the fulfillment part has it encompass anything pleasurable. The death instinct, on the other hand, is expressed through aggression, with the rationale being that it mirrored the life instinct by being a desire to send organic life back into death.
Non-sentient life can be considered to be acting on pure Id, as they have no ability to handle the higher thinking that the superego and ego control. A sentient character whose actions are dominated by his/her Id is often portrayed as The Sociopath.
In contrast to the Id, the superego acts essentially as the person's critical and moralizing conscience. While the Id desires simple self-gratification, the Superego desires for the person's behavior to be based on what's socially acceptable. It criticizes and guilts the Id's desires and controls the person's morality and sense of right and wrong. On a more intensive level, Freud theorized that the superego was an internal symbol of the strong father figure: one who would discipline the person for misbehavior and instruct the person on cultural demands and regulations in their youth.
The rationale behind all this is some of Freud's more sexist theories. To him, the superego was a product of a boy's elimination of his Oedipus complex and acceptance of his father as an authority. As women do not identify with the father, their superego is supposedly less developed and they are, at the core, more emotional. Apart from Freud, the common stereotype that women have more abstract and spiritual tendencies (the other side of emotional) and men the more practical ends-justify-means can easily challenge Freud's interpretation.
A character acting entirely on Superego would be one whose actions are based entirely on social norms and expectations. These characters are often portrayed as rather short-sighted and narrow-minded, since you can't please everyone.
The Ego is perhaps closest to the conscious human mind. It is the organized part of the consciousness and organizes the rest of the psyche into something coherent and productive, in that it separates out what is real. Interestingly, while the Ego is commonly thought of today as a central mediator between the competing demands of the Id and Superego, Freud thought of it as mode of a middleman in a hierarchy, taking the Id's self-gratification and organizing it in a way that complies with both the Superego's demands and the conditions of the real world, with the Superego punishing the Ego with feelings of guilt, anxiety, or inferiority if the Ego acts out-of-line. The Ego is therefore said to be driven by the Id and confined by the Superego, rather than a true balance between the two. In a way, the relationship between the Ego and Id is closer to a Straight Man and Wise Guy or Boke and Tsukkomi Routine.
Obviously, the Ego is the character whose shoulders the Angel and Devil stand on. In a Four-Temperament Ensemble, will usually be Type II Phlegmatic, especially if a Standardized Leader; could also be Phlegmatic/Supine or Sanguine, for the glue that holds a team together.
The Freudian Trio
As a Power Trio, the three were represented by one character who acted on instinctual and emotional compulsions, one character who was more concerned with social principles and a third central character that mediated the two, usually while being able to Take a Third Option that would satisfy the competing demands of the two Foils. Over time, the two Foils were Flanderized further until one was emotional to the point of ignoring logic and one was dispassionately logical, often to the point of ignoring social norms that would go against such cold behavior. Interestingly, this means that the quintessential example of the Freudian Trio (Kirk, Spock and McCoy from Star Trek) is in fact not an example of the Freudian concept by the strict definition.