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Parental Abandonment occurs with an overwhelming frequency in fiction. On top of that, an overwhelming number of victims lose their mothers during childbirth. So sad, so tragic, so heart-wrenching... such a goldmine for a plot device. Nothing impossible about it, but the statistics are ridiculously high, especially for any industrialized nations. Although, as Jane Austen observed, it wasn't used ridiculously often even before modern medicine.)
May be used to set up a tense family situation where the father or older siblings unreasonably blame the youngest for "murdering their mother" and turn him/her into The Unfavourite. On the other hand, the contrary can also happen - the father and/or siblings decide that the mom's death shall not be in vain, and therefore they do their best to take care of the youngest (though whether they actually are their best is something else).
Very often a Truth in Television for at least 70% of the world's population. According to the UNFPA in 2005, while the lifetime risk of maternal death for people in 'developed regions' is 1 in 7300, the average worldwide is 1 in 92, rising as high as 1 in 22 women for Sub-Saharan Africa (source). Note that the per-pregnancy risk is lower, since many of these cultures also have high birth rates, since they also tend to have high infant mortality rates. Additionally, the rates of maternal deaths are on the rise in the United States due to a variety of reasons, including lack of access to care in some regions (source).
In fact the use of it as a plot device might be Older Than Feudalism, since unless his mother died in childbirth, the protagonist could be burdened with at least six siblings.
See Her Heart Will Go On, the sort-of inversion of this -- he dies, she lives.
Incidentally, dying in childbirth is no fun at all. Stories that neglect to mention fever, screaming, blood, and agony that lasts hours or even days... were probably written by the childless or by those with no medical knowledge. A few examples are included here. It should be noted that some deaths in childbirth do occur much more quickly than that - a woman with uterine atony can hemorrhage to death in minutes without emergency medical intervention. But many stories have the doomed mother live just long enough to say her last words; either a whispered goodbye to her husband or an apology to her child, or a request to whoever's with her to tell her family she loved them. Finally, a shot of her pale, limp, delicate hand slipping from the grasp of whoever's holding it.
Anime and Manga
- Pictured above: Also like in the original source, the Grimm's Fairy Tale Classics version of Snow White has Snow's mother the Good Queen die giving birth to her. It's symbolized by the above scene that first shows the dead Queen lying on the bed with her face covered with a cloth, then switches to baby!Snow's cradle: then, the Narrator says something by the lines of "it's as if the Queen had switched places with the child, as she passed away at the same time the baby girl was born". Snow is, from then on, raised by her nanny Doris.
- In the Clannad anime (more exactly, in ~After Story~) and in her VN route, Nagisa dies while giving birth to Ushio. Quite justified since poor Nagisa was already an Ill Girl to start with (and her health took a further nosedive during the pregnancy itself), and she was giving birth at home since a heavy snow fall prevented her husband Tomoya from either taking her to the hospital or bringing a doctor or midwife to help her. At the end (and in the VN's True Ending), the Girl from the Illusionary World manages to use the magic of the light orbs... to play around with the timeline and create a new one where Nagisa survives.
- In Lady, it's implied that Sarah's mother/George's first wife Frances (already an Ill Girl) died when having Sarah.
- Hajime no Ippo has Takeshi Sendoh's grandmother telling the local Hot Scoop Mari that her daughter-in-law/Sendoh's mom died right after having him, strongly implying that she perished like this. No one blamed him for that, however.
- The below mentioned The Secret Garden example also takes place in its anime version, Himitsu no Hanazono. Colin's mother Lillias was already a bit of an Ill Girl, then she went up a tree to get a beautiful rose as a birthday gift to her handmaid Camilla, then she fell off...
- In Another, Kouichi's mother Ritsuko perished like this... as a part of the curse afflicting her younger sister Reiko's school class. She apparently was an Ill Girl before that, which surely didn't help. . .
- In Tarot Cafe, Pamela's mother was a midwife. A mother and her newborn died during a childbirth she was in charge of, and both the lady and a child Pamela were accused of witchcraft. Pamela's mom confessed so she could get her daughter spared, and was burned at the stake.
- Subverted in Darling in the FRANXX: as Mitsuru is told that his girlfriend Kokoro has given birth and rushes to the birthing room that their friends and companions prepared for her, the whole scene is set up as if this trope has taken place... but both mother and baby (her and Mitsuru's daughter, Ai) are all right. The others were just overwhelmed with emotion since Kokoro is the first of the Parasytes who has ever given birth.
- In Dance in the Vampire Bund, werewolf kids are always born to werewolf dads and human mothers, and the latter near always die due to complications. Akira's mother is an exception, but after the birth of his little brother Yuuhi she's in a wheelchair.
- Subverted in GoLion: it's said that Prince Sincline's mother died giving birth to him, but he refuses to believe it because he says that he has seen her in his Bad Dreams, and demands to know what happened to her. It's later revealed that he's right: she was an Altean concubine of Emperor Daibazaal and was murdered by him when Sincline was a very young boy, after failing to get Daibazaal to spare some prisoners..
- In Fushigi Yuugi, it's said that Tamahome's mother died giving birth to his youngest sister, Yuiren. She isn't blamed for it at all, in fact she's the sibling that Tamahome is the closest to.
- Miwako Horiguchi, the mother of the titular character from Ganbare Genki, died giving birth to him. As such, his father Hideki does his best to raise him - until he dies, too.
- In the Blue Exorcist anime, Rin and Yukio's mother Yuri Egin perished like this. It's not as clear in the manga.
- Quatre Winner's mother Catherina died this way in Gundam Wing, albeit on her own terms. She and her husband Zayeed had many daughters born from artificial wombs, and Catherina knew she was too frail to carry a child and live, but she knew the risks and wanted to carry her husband's child just once.
- The titular character's mother in Hana no Ko Lunlun passed away like this, as seen in a flashback. She died begging her husband and soon-to-be widow to not blame the baby for her demise, and he did not. For as long as he lived.
- In a Flash Back story in Elf Quest, Eyes High dies from blood loss shortly after giving birth to Skywise, after losing her lifemate and almost being sacrificed by a human tribe, all due to a prank by two of the tribe's boys that went horribly wrong.
- In Smax it's eventually revealed that Smax's mother died this way. She was raped by an ogre, who kept her in his cave and beat her, meaning she was in no condition to give birth when she did. She was tough and she might've survived the birth... if she didn't have twins.
- In the DC Universe, the mother of Cameron Mahkent, the Icicle, froze to death giving birth to him -- not unlike the goddess Izanami.
- In the Mirage Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles continuity, Casey Jones' first wife Gabrielle dies due to complications while giving birth to her daughter, Shadow.
- In the Little Victory universe, the birth of supers, at least those of 'Pantheon Class' power, is acompanied by a burst of power that not only kills the mother, but anybody else in the near vicinity.
- Inverted in Strikeforce Morituri with Aline "Blackthorn" Pagrovna. As a subject of the Morituri Process, she should die within a year after acquiring super-powers. Instead, her pregnancy keeps her alive for several months afterward, and she dies soon after the baby is born.
- This is part of the origin of the Johann "Red Skull" Schmidt, his mother died giving birth to him and his father hatefully tried to murder him right there and then until stopped by the attending doctor. With that kind of beginning, Schmidt only sank further.
- This is one of the reasons Dupli-Kate and her twin brother Multi-Paul in Invincible have their multiplying powers. A bizarre curse on their family doomed their father to have so many children that he would be driven insane. Since their mother died in childbirth and he never remarried, it seemed like the curse would be averted. The curse got creative and gave Kate and Paul their powers, and their father did indeed go insane trying to handle the bizarre situation.
- Madeline "Miss America" Joyce fell victim to this. More exactly, she died of complications stemming from childbirth with her and Robert "Whizzer" Frank's second, stillborn child due to radiation poisoning from her first offspring (Robert Frank Jr. aka Nuklo) while at Wundagore Mountain, Transia.
- Fairy tales are fond of leaving children vulnerable to the Wicked Stepmother this way. Snow White may be the best known (once The Brothers Grimm bowdlerized to make the villainess the stepmother rather than the mother), but many others, such as "The Juniper Tree" invoke it. The English fairy tale "Tattercoats" (collected by Joseph Jacobs) has the heroine left vulnerable by her mother's death because her grandfather then blames her for it.
- Just an aside, Tanith Lee's novel length version of Snow White, White as Snow, leaves the mother as the villainess but her fate is much like the original story other than the fact that she didn't use a spell to age, she just aged naturally while her daughter was missing and presumed dead. Being virtually unknown to her daughter even when they lived together helped. It's a thing. Her short story version, Red as Blood, leaves the stepmother in place but Snow White herself is a vampire and the witch queen uses white magic and religious items to destroy her.
- Ursa dies giving birth to Azula in the Avatar: The Last Airbender alternate reality fic What It Is To Burn. In this reality, Azula is The Unfavorite due to Ozai's hatred of her for "killing her mother" while Zuko is his favorite.
- Happens quite a bit in Fire Emblem fandom:
- A lost Blazing Blade fic has Ninian and Florina succumb to this, with their husbands Eliwood and Hector watching on helplessly.
- "Female Robin dies in childbirth and her husband angsts over it" was so popular in Awakening fandom that this blog has a tag for it.
- It even happens to Robin's mother in one AU fic.
- Panne falls victim to this as the corollary of her Chickification in a Lost Forever comic depicting the canon Bad Future. Technically speaking she would've been fine in childbirth itself, but she stupidly let her Taguel instincts go free and ran off from the Ylissean castle to give birth in the forest, then was shot dead by two hunters who mistook her for a wild animal. She used her last bits of strength to finish delivering baby Yarne and ask the hunters to take the unharmed newborn to his father, Henry.
- A Fates fic has this happen to Camilla, of all characters. It's explained away by Keaton being the father of her child and the idea that birthing a Wolfskin baby would kill a human woman, but considering Camilla's body shape and overall physical strength, it's still pretty implausible.
- This Voltron: Legendary Defender fic focusing on the reality where Zarkon never became corrupted and was a good father to Lotor has this as the reason his wife/Lotor's mother Honerva is no longer around.
- One Final Fantasy X fic had Yuna die giving birth to her and Tidus's daughter.
- This fic has it happening to Korra, with her newborn child becoming the next Avatar.
- One Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan author explains the absence of Mr. Chan's wife as being that she died giving birth to Scooter, her youngest.
- Wait for it... Star Wars, since "she's lost the will to live" and, you know, raise her children because the father is an asshole. A lot of fans believe that actually Palpatine killed Padme, by using Sith Alchemy to preserve Vader's life by draining Padme's life. This would have the side benefit of removing the only possible threat left to Palpatine's domination of his new apprentice. Another theory is that Padme's Force/midiclorians had been linked to Anakin's in such a strong bond that once he violently severed it, during the Force-choke he drained the life out of her. Explaining why Jedi were forbidden to get married in the first place. Their mate would die as well if their link was broken or the Jedi in question died.
- In the movie Jersey Girl. Kevin Smith had the mother die before ever casting the film. (That was sorta the point of it, how he'd react if his wife died he had to raise his daughter alone.) This is also inverted, as it was not the actual childbirth that killed her, but a brain aneurysm that ruptured during the process. Any kind of excessive physical strain or exertion would have done the trick, or enough time for it to get bigger and hemorrhage on its own.
- The protagonist's mother in Deconstructing Harry.
- Jack and Sarah has two Sarahs in it, the mother who dies in childbirth, and the daughter named after her. It's mainly a romantic comedy about the father recovering and hooking up with the American nanny though.
- Used at the start of The Red Violin, and partially justified and foreshadowed: Anna worries that her age will create complications during the birth.
- Alien featured really bloody alien births. Quite different than the other examples, but still fits the trope.
- In Alien Vs Predator: Requiem, the Predator-Alien hybrid enters a maternity ward and uses a pregnant woman as the host for its eggs.
- Australian film Peaches does this in a rather gruesome way. The main character's mother is actually decapitated in a car accident, meaning she was born from a headless body.
- See also The Breathing Method by Stephen King.
- Primarily responsible for the title character's abandonment in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button.
- Blade's mother was dying when she was giving birth to him in the Blade Trilogy. Didn't help she was vampirized though.
- The fate of Kristina in The New Land.
- Somewhat subverted in Revolutionary Road, where April bleeds to death from a botched attempt at self-abortion.
- A variant in the comedy/thriller North Sea Hijack, in which Roger Moore's character (in explaining his dislike of women) says "Both my parents died tragically in childbirth".
- Ofelia's half-brother kills his mother Carmen during labor in Pan's Labyrinth -- foreshadowed ahead of time as Carmen is an Ill Girl AND is clearly having a very difficult pregnancy.
- The beginning of The Fly II involving Veronica 'Ronnie' Quaife.
- Similar to the Alien example is Species II, in which the human-looking offspring of the male alien age so quickly in the womb that they burst their way out.
- In Whale Rider, Pai's mother dies in labor as well as her twin brother.
- In Lars and the Real Girl, Lars's mother dies while giving birth to him. This leads Lars to believe he was responsible for her death and he becomes a shy hermit who lives in a shed as a result.
- This trope takes out Mr. Chips' wife in Goodbye, Mr. Chips, along with their unborn child.
- Inverted in Angus: While the title character was being born, his father had a fatal heart attack.
- The same happened in Like Water for Chocolate, with Tita's father dying of a heart attack as she's being born after learning that Tita's middle sister Getrudis is NOT his daughter, but that of Mama Elena and her old lover.
- Played with in Snow White a Tale of Terror. Lilli's mother Lilliana was already dying from a wound in her chest when Lilli was born, so she instructed her husband Frederich to cut the baby out of her because it was the only way to make sure Lilli didn't die with her.
- One of the Zatoichi movies has him finding a dying pregnant woman at the side of the road. The lady dies right after the kid is born, and Zatoichi decides to take the newborn to their family... and right on time, as their village is being invaded by gangsters...
- In Felicity: An American Girl Adventure, Felicity's mother Martha becomes severely ill and weakened after giving birth to her latest child, and Felicity is terrified that she'll succumb to this. Thankfully, she recovers in time for Christmas Eve.
- In The Bible, Jacob's favorite wife Rachel died giving birth to Benjamin.
- In The Roman Mysteries Flavia Gemina's mother died giving birth to her. Also, in The Slavegirl of Jerusalem the older sister of one of the main characters dies giving birth to twins.
- In Dan Abnett's Gaunt's Ghosts novels, this is how Gaunt's mother died (and half of why he was an orphan, necessary for being a commissiar.)
- In Ghostmaker Corbec recounts how his mother had nearly died in childbirth and how Dorden, as a young medic, had saved her.
- In the V. C. Andrews novel Heaven, Heaven's mother Leigh died giving birth to her. This causes Luke, Leigh's husband, to resent Heaven for "killing" the woman he loved. The circumstances of her conception (Leigh was raped by her stepfather) don't help much either.
- In Jean M Auel's Earth's Children series, Thonolan goes mad with grief after he loses his wife Jetamio to childbirth.
- Frances Hodgson Burnett's The Secret Garden: Technically, Lilias Craven died from falling out of a tree. The fall also triggered early labor, and Lillias was barely able to give birth to Colin right before she died.
- Harry's mother in The Dresden Files, although it is later revealed that this was the result of a curse.
- A bad luck curse, to be specific. It was the usual medical nastiness that actually did her in; the curse just brought that on.
- In Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist, Oliver's mother Agnes Fleeming died after giving birth to him, as the end to a huge Break the Cutie process.
- Much more than a Tear Jerker is found in Frank Herbert's Dune, as the death of Paul Atreides' Fremen wife and legal concubine Chani is the gravity point for half the book, before it actually happened. She dies during the birth of their second and third children, Leto Atreides II (not to be confused with Leto II, their unfortunate older brother, who was killed in a Harkonnen raid) and Ghanima. Chani's death is known to Paul and others via prescience (Face-dancers actively try to profit from this, by offering Paul the chance / compromise / devil's bargain to clone Chani, which he just barely manages to refuse). This death is caused, or at the very least escalated, by the fact that Princess Irulan (Paul's legal wife, daughter of the deposed emperor, and Bene Gesserit, to name just a few) has been feeding Chani contraceptives for some 12 years for rather obvious political reasons (and because the Bene Gesserit did not want their millenia-long genetic project getting contaminated by the wildcard that was Chani's bloodline, and would have liked to ensure that Paul had children with someone more suitable, like Irulan, whom they could manipulate). According to Paul, Chani's death during childbirth was far less painful and cruel compared to her possible future fates had she survived.
- In The Eyes of the Dragon, a short fantasy novel by Stephen King, the queen survives a relatively difficult first birth. The second birth is extremely easy -- until the midwife, on orders from court magician and Big Bad Flagg, makes a small incision that causes the queen to bleed to death, unknown to anyone. The younger son blames himself for his mother's death.
- Used in both Daenerys' and Tyrion's backstories in A Song of Ice and Fire; in both cases, it's justified by a particularly difficult birth (Dany was born as the family was fleeing from Robert Baratheon's assassins, and Tyrion's deformities lead to complications in Joanna's labor.) Aside from this, it doesn't come up much, though it's mentioned as being a concern. Westeros' technology is at a medieval level, and it's fairly realistic.
- Also, it was hinted that Lyanna Stark might have died in childbirth. The bloody bed in Ned's fever dreams in Game of Thrones is used to refer to a child birth bed elsewhere in the books. Of course, this comes up in certain theories about Jon Snow's parents and his Secret Legacy.
- Catelyn Stark's mother Minisa Whent died this way.
- In a non-back story variation, Dalla also dies this way. In the middle of a battle, no less.
- The book series Dragonriders of Pern includes seven births: One is normal, two aren't described (but we know they didn't kill the mothers, as they do appear later), two almost kill the mothers and two do kill the mothers. Fewer than half are "normal".
- Somewhat averted by the rediscovery of modern medical knowledge during All The Weyrs Of Pern. The younger generation of Pernese produce numerous children with no problems mentioned.
- Also, one of the deaths was hardly "accidental", as Lord Fax effectively raped Lady Gemma into premature labor, with the intention of killing her in childbirth. He's then goaded into renouncing Ruatha in favor of her issue, giving Lessa the opportunity to arrange a duel in which he's killed. To Lessa's chagrin, Gemma does give live birth despite dying, and the resulting boy, Jaxom, becomes crucial to Pern's future.
- This was the fate of Larna, the mother of weyrleader F'lar. This fact is not revealed until toward the end of the series, when The Masterharper of Pern shows the life story of Masterharper Robinton and fills in many story gaps. (F'lar's father, F'lon, was the Masterharper's best boyhood friend.)
- In the same book, F'lon mentions that his own mother died giving birth to him.
- In the book Wicked, Elphaba's mother dies after giving birth to the girls' younger brother, Shell. In the play, she dies while giving birth to her younger sister Nessarose, thanks to severe birth defects and poisoning.
- The first book in the Old Kingdom trilogy opens with the protagonist Sabriel's mother dying giving birth to her.
- Done with the main character "Amir" in The Kite Runner. However his dad doesn't blame him for it at all.
- From the Corner of His Eye by Dean Koontz takes it to ridiculous levels of tragedy. The lovely strictly catholic teenage girl gets horribly raped by the antagonist - who thinks they're roleplaying - and hides the pregnancy from her family until she gets a brain aneurysm from all the wrapping up her stomach and dies horribly giving birth to a kid who gets adopted by her sister in a show of bottomless compassion. And that's just the beginning. . .
- Mrs. Richard F. Schiller of Lolita dies in childbirth. Of course, it's not until the end of the book that one learns that she is actually the titular character, Dolores "Lolita" Haze..
- Voldemort's mother, Merope Gaunt, in Harry Potter. It's noted that she could have saved herself with magic, but after her husband left her she basically wanted to die, leaving Voldemort to be raised at a Muggle orphanage.
- In War and Peace, the little princess dies giving birth to Prince Andrei's only son.
- Cathy I in Wuthering Heights dies just after giving birth to Cathy II, having been severely weakened by Brain Fever, though this isn't played for gothic family romance laughs. Interestingly, Wuthering Heights was (famously) not written by a man, but rather a motherless woman herself.
- Quite possibly because Witches also act as Midwives this has not yet happened in a Discworld novel, although Lady Sybil Vimes came close in Night Watch and Rincewind's mother is said (in defiance of all logic) to have run away before he was born.
- And don't forget Granny Weatherwax making a difficult decision (because she couldn't expect anyone else to make it) at the start of Carpe Jugulum.
- In Terry Pratchett's Nation, Daphne's mother dies giving birth. Her father's reaction to this is part of the reason for her being stuck on the island, and her dealing with it is a part of the plot, dealt with in a very touching scene.
- In Robin McKinley's Beauty and her "The Twelve Dancing Princesses", the heroines are motherless because their mother died in childbirth; in both cases, the baby also died. The author used this trope again in The Hero and The Crown--Aerinha's mother was said to have "turned her face to the wall and died," upon giving birth to a girl instead of a boy.
- The title character in Astrid Lindgren's Mio, my Mio was placed at an orphanage as a baby after his mother died at childbirth. This was common practice in Lindgren's native Sweden in the early 20th century, due to the idea that a man couldn't raise children without the help of a woman. Mio's adoptive parents wanted a girl, but there were only boys available, making him an unwanted adopted child. Lucky for Mio, his real father has been searching for him ever since his birth, and finally finds him and brings him home to the Land of Faraway, where the father is king. The book gives a beautiful description of parent and child being separated when the child is an infant and reunited later, likely inspired by the fact that Lindgren herself had to place her firstborn child in foster care during his first years of life.
- Breaking Dawn. Somewhat subverted because Bella survives to Renesmee's birth, by being turned into a vampire.
- Used twice in One Hundred Years of Solitude. Little Remedios, Colonel Aureliano Buendía's teenaged wife, dies when her already risky pregnancy with twins takes a turn for the worse; everyone is deeply saddened, since she had endeared herself to everyone in the few years she spent with them. Later, Amaranta Úrsula perishes after she gives birth to the last Aureliano... the son of her nephew and lover Aureliano Babilonia Buendía. Then Rocks Fall, Everyone Dies.
- In CS Lewis's Till We Have Faces, a retelling of Psyche and Cupid, the death of Psyche's mother in childbirth opens the way to Orual's being her mother figure. Rather much so.
- In The Shadow of the Wind, Julian Carax, author of the eponymous book, has a Despair Event Horizon after his lover dies in childbirth (the child dies also). He never knew that the reason her family allowed her to die was because she was his sister.
- Miriel in Tolkien's Silmarillion dies of weariness after giving birth to her son Fëanor, saying "[never] again shall I bear child; for strength that would have nourished the life of many has gone forth into Fëanor." (Indeed.)
- In James Swallow's Warhammer 40000 Blood Angels novel Deus Sanguinius, after Inquisitor Stele attacked Rafen's mind to drive him to suicide, Rafen remembers all the deaths in his life. It starts with his mother, dead in childbirth. (Presumably from his younger brother Arkio, though it could be another child, or even Rafen, with Arkio as a half-brother.)
- In the first Warrior Cats series, Silverstream dies while giving birth to her kits, causing much grief for her mate and the medicine cat who failed to save her.
- In Outcast of Redwall, Bluefen dies after giving birth to Veil Sixclaw, the title character.
- The protagonist of Robert Heinlein's I Will Fear No Evil dies this way.
- In "The Last Letter Home", the final book of Vilhelm Moberg's "Emigrants" suite, Kristina has a miscarriage and is told by a doctor that if she ever gets pregnant again it will lead to her death. A few months later she dies from another miscarriage.
- The War World series has a lot of this, as childbirth is even more difficult on thin-aired Haven than on Earth, and breeding is an important theme of the series.
- Paul Sheldon in Misery had wanted to kill off the title character of his romance novel series in this way, but Annie Wilkes had other ideas and demanded a Retcon at shotgun-point.
- The fate of a main character in Ann Marie Mac Donald's Fall on Your Knees...The father was her own father, no less.
- In The Whitby Witches trilogy by Robin Jarvis, the goblin-like aufwaders have been all but wiped out by a curse which causes any female aufwader who becomes pregnant to fall fatally ill, usually within the first three months of conception. Even those who carry a pregnancy to term do so in vain, as the child almost invariably dies with its mother. The only exception to this rule is a young female named Nelda who, after becoming the only aufwader born since the laying of the curse to survive birth, later gives birth to the first baby born after the curse is lifted.
- It's much worse than "fall fatally ill". All the blood in their veins turns to brine.
- In Hex and the City, Merlin reveals that he'd torn his way out of his mother's womb in his haste to be born. As she was part of a Dark Age Satanic cult and trying to produce the Antichrist, it's hard to work up much sympathy for her demise.
- Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms ends with the protagonist Henry's lover Catherine dying in childbirth. The child is stillborn.
- Melanie Wilkes in Gone with the Wind dies after a miscarriage. Giving birth to her first child already almost killed her.
- Mothers of both Damien Thorn Sr. and Jr.. For extra delicacy, the former's mother was a jackal and he didn't have an navel. Work it out.
- In The Stone Dance of the Chameleon, Carnelian's mother died giving birth to him.
- Tom's wife in the first chapter (after the prologue, that is) of The Pillars of the Earth.
- In Naamah's Curse by Jacqueline Carey, it is revealed that Queen Jehanne died giving birth to a daughter.
- Lives of the Mayfair Witches: Most women who sleep with a male Taltos end up like this, either when they violently miscarry or when the child (who grows to the size of an adult within hours) tears its way out of their womb. Ow, ow, ow.
- In some adaptations of A Christmas Carol, Scrooge's Dead Little Sister Fan and/or his mother suffered this, which could explain the implied distant relationship between young Ebenezer and his father. The Alistair Sims film includes the heartwrenching scene of Fan's death. The book, however, does not mention the circumstances surrounding the death of either. A scene where Fred's wife knows an old favorite tune of Fan's suggests that she survived into Fred's childhood; and Fan's existence in the first place implies that if Scrooge's mother did die giving birth to him, his father must have remarried.
- Alanna and Thom's mother in Song of the Lioness died giving birth to them. Their father was angry that despite her having the Gift, the magic wasn't enough to save her and thus forbid his children to ever using magic. Her death was implied to have also caused her husband to neglect his two children.
- General Stanton's wife from Old Tin Sorrows succumbed to this trope shortly after giving birth to their daughter, Jennifer. Subverted in that the insanely-jealous General had actually engineered her demise, drugging her with an anti-coagulant and blaming the "mistake" on her physician.
- Almost happens to Anne twice in the Anne of Green Gables series. Once, with her first child, in which the baby died as a result of being premature. And once that was only revealed in backstory, while giving birth to her sixth child and youngest son, Shirley.
- This is how Anna and Caleb's mother died in Sarah, Plain and Tall:
Mama died the next morning [after he was born]. That was the worst thing about Caleb. "Isn't he beautiful, Anna?" Her last words to me.
- Yeerks in Animorphs, due to Bizarre Alien Biology, always die in the act of reproduction. Three Yeerks join together and then split into hundreds of offspring. One wonders why individuals would choose to do this.
- Gothic novels in Jane Austen's time used it with such abandon as to inspire the opening quote from Northanger Abbey.
- Appears to have been the case with the Kid in Blood Meridian.
- In John Moore's Slay and Rescue, mothers of both Prince Charming and the three female protagonists died in childbirth. Lampshaded:
Princess Aurora: Is childbirth as dangerous as all that?
Princess Ann: [The wizard] Mandelbaum says it's because royal families can afford physicians and the very best medical care. Consequently, they die like flies.
- Stranger in A Strange Land has an example that's even darker than usual: Mike is the product of an illegitimate liaison, and when his mother died in childbirth, his mother's husband killed first the father and then himself.
- The last empress of Melniboné "died bringing her sole thin-blooded issue into the world", as if Elric's Doom Magnet sundae needed that cherry on top.
- The Kantri in Tales of Kolmar have tremendous clawed hands with very limited dexterity. It's mentioned that consequently, when a child is turned the wrong way in the womb the results are disastrous - a birth sister might reach in to try and turn the baby, but usually mother and child both die. This situation comes up in Song In The Silence; fortunately there's a human on hand who has no claws and delivers the child with no harm to either, though she's horribly burned and nearly dies herself.
- In Catherine Anderson's Kendrick/Coulter/Harrigan series, Harrigan matriarch Emily died from complications during labor and required an emergency c-section to save youngest child Samantha. While the family never blamed Samantha for it, Samantha blamed herself...and so did her big brother Clint, who was playing outside at the time and didn't realize why his mother was calling for help until it was too late.
- This happens to a pregnant rottweiler in My Sunshine. Her owners made the mistake of leaving her alone to go to work, and the dog went into a messy and complicated labor that ultimately took her life. Isaiah was able to save her puppies, though, and he and Laura took on the task of bottle-feeding them until they were big enough to eat on their own.
- This happens to a pregnant rottweiler in My Sunshine. Her owners made the mistake of leaving her alone to go to work, and the dog went into a messy and complicated labor that ultimately took her life. Isaiah was able to save her puppies, though, and he and Laura took on the task of bottle-feeding them until they were big enough to eat on their own.
- Little House On the Prairie: The actual cause of death by Nancy Olesen's biological mother. For years, Nancy – a young Nellie Olesen-lookalike orphan with severe behavioral problems – had claimed she was abandoned by her mother, but her adopted mother (the evil Mrs. Olesen, of all people) helps Nancy come to terms with the fate of her birth mother.
- Several other episodes dealt with pre-eclampsia and birth-related complications. One example is the Season 7 episode "A Faraway Cry," where Caroline Ingalls tends to a childhood friend who begins having complications with her pregnancy.
- Wilson's first girlfriend on 7th Heaven was given the Death by Sex approach in Backstory, just so he could be a dramatic Single Teen Dad character.
- Used straight once on Law and Order Special Victims Unit, when the poor mother had placenta previa, and had been kidnapped and locked up for a few days. Lampshaded in another episode, along with its unlikelihood:
Melinda Warner: Like mother, like daughter, I've got no obvious cause of death on either.
Olivia Benson: Are you thinking they might have died in childbirth?
Melinda Warner: You rarely see it nowadays...
- And averted in another episode when Stabler's wife Kathy is involved in a car accident along with Olivia. She gives birth to a baby boy in an ambulance on the way to the hospital, then loses blood pressure and consciousness as the screen fades to black... only to have her wide awake and recovering fully when Stabler arrives at the hospital.
- On Lost, Ben's mother died in childbirth, making his father despise him. Of course, he eventually ends up murdering the surviving parent...
- Plus, every woman who conceived their child on the Island. Which is why Ben is so protective of his adoptive daughter. And by 'protective' we mean kidnaps his daughter's boyfriend and spends weeks brainwashing him in order to make him unable to perform.
I just didn´t want you to get pregnant. Maybe I overreacted.
- On Angel, Darla the vampire dies during Connor's birth, but in a twist, it is because she stakes herself allowing Connor to live, since she was physically incapable of delivering a child.
- On The Pretender, Brigitte died shortly after Baby Parker was born while she was on the run, something she knew would happen.
- Arthur's mother in Merlin died in childbirth, after Uther makes a deal with Nimueh so she (the mother) can conceive.
- One episode of Smallville has Lex Luthor having a dream about what would happen if he chose to be the good guy. Everthing looked rosy until his dream wife Lana died giving birth to their second kid. So Lex decided not to be the good guy.
- Henry VIII's third wife Jane Seymour, when portrayed onscreen. In reality, although technically it was the birth that killed her, she didn't actually die until almost two weeks later and was well enough to attend the Christening. However, most cinematic and televisual adaptations have her die giving birth because it's more dramatic than the historical truth.
- Arguably averted in The Tudors, which follows the real life example.
- Chuck Bass' mother from Gossip Girl died giving birth to him, the reason for his father's dislike of him.
- In the Chilean telenovela Papi Ricky, the Hot Dad male lead Ricky tells his daughter Alicia that her mom Catalina died in childbirth, but this isn't true since she ran away few after her birth. Catalina actually returns later, as a Broken Bird and with Laser-Guided Amnesia. She finds young Alicia and befriends her, but for a long time they don't about their bond. Also, in the Grand Finale, Ricky's main love interest and Alicia's ex-teacher, later adoptive mother Colomba dies after giving birth to Alicia's half-brother.
- I read in the 90s, a book by Michael Medved, where he wrote that he had interviewed TV writers, about the huge number of runaway mothers and/or mothers dead in childbirth. At least one writer told him that TV writers simply don't like mothers! ("Symbolically killing my ex-wife" one guy told him.)
- Dr. Greene's frantic attempts to avert this trope were heart-wrenchingly portrayed in "Love's Labor Lost", an Emmy-winning episode of ER. Also almost played out with Carol, who nearly bled to death following the birth of her twins.
- Beauty and The Beast had three horrifying cases of this:
- Vincent's foster brother Devin's mother died in childbirth with Father attending. This leads Father to not acknowledge Devin as his son until adulthood. Though Father claims that was because he didn't want to seem to favor his 'real' son. He is genuinely dismayed when Vincent points out he's gone to the opposite extreme.
- And of course Catherine herself has a rather heartbreaking (indirect) death by childbirth in that she is held prisoner throughout her pregnancy with Jacob and murdered shortly after without ever even holding her son. She lives just long enough to tell Vincent about their baby. Of course, considering the execs at the time, this could be an instance of Death by Sex
- Vincent himself killed his natural mother. Father admits this through a very pained confession that the brutal fashion of his birth almost caused Father to kill Vincent at birth, but relented.
- The Farscape episode "Incubator" reveals that Scorpius' mother died giving birth to him. Justified by the fact that she'd been raped by a Scarran as part of a breeding program that had killed ninety other Sebacean females in a pretty similar manner.
- In the 1998 Merlin series, Merlin's mother Elissa dies in childbirth. It is revealed shortly after that Queen Mab could probably have saved her if she wanted to, but she chose not to, because "She'd served her purpose."
- One episode of Dollhouse features a man whose wife had recently died giving birth to their son. He hired the Dollhouse to imprint Echo with his wife's personality, feeling like he couldn't bond with the baby himself under the circumstances. Things fall apart, of course, and in the end he realizes how bad an idea it was.
- In the pilot episode of Quantum Leap, "Genesis", Sam saves a woman who died in childbirth in the original history.
- Xena: Warrior Princess: Meg's father: "My father died in childbirth." "Your father died in childbirth?" "He got drunk and fell off the roof while I was being born."
- Rare villainous example: In the Criminal Minds episode "A Thousand Words", the wife/accomplice of a serial kidnapper and rapist died this way after her murderous spouse committed suicide, leaving her with only his latest chained-up victim to help when she went into bloody labor.
- In the old-school Mexican comedy show El Chavo Del Ocho, Don Ramón says that his wife passed away as she gave birth to their daughter, Chilindrina.
- Downton Abbey has Sybil suffering from ecclampsia and dying after having a child (her and Tom's daughter, also named Sybil)
- The Tim McGraw song "Don't Take the Girl" ends with the girl in question "fading fast" after a difficult childbirth. Her fate is left hanging, with the protagonist praying to God to take him instead.
- Country music in general is fond of this trope. (Well, dead wives in general, but especially this one.)
- The song Light of Day Day of Darkness by the doom metal band Green Carnation has both the death of the woman and the child in childbirth as a constant theme:
Through Crimson eye, And shattered lie, Behold the sacrifice, Of innocent life
- Threatened in Willie's Lady. His mother, a rank witch, has enchanted his wife so she will never give birth, having been in labor for days. (Fortunately, Willie figures out how to undo the spell.)
Of her young bairn she'll neer be lighter,
Nor in her bower to shine the brighter.
But she shall die and turn to clay,
And you shall wed another may.
- In Leesom Brand, the lovers try to elope, but she goes into labor in the woods and dies with the baby.
- In Sheath and Knife, to conceal Brother-Sister Incest, the brother takes his sister to the woods to give birth, and she and the baby die.
- In The Death of Queen Jane, the queen is dying in childbirth and must implore them to perform a Caeserian section to save the baby. This would ensure her own death, but she succeeds.
- In some variants of Willie and Earl Richard's Daughter, the woman dies in childbirth, and the father must leave the living baby behind in hopes that the woman's father will get a nurse for it. He does.
- The Rake's Song involves a young woman who dies in the process of giving birth to her fourth child. Tragic, right? Think again. The humble narrator considers her death a blessing, and then proceeds to murder the rest of his children.
Ugly Myfanwy died on delivery, mercifully taking her mother along.
- Stevie Wright's "Evie (part 3)"
- Live's song "Lightning Crashes" is about a woman who dies in childbirth, her daughter being adopted afterward.
- "May" by James Durbin:
During birth I got my daughter, Jesus took away my May.
- The Music Video for Nickelback's "Lullaby", but the song is really about suicide.
- Izanami, Shinto mother goddess, died giving birth to the fire god Kagutsuchi. Her husband Izanagi was so infuriated, he killed the newborn child (although its blood gave way to create numerous deities, such as Take-Mikazuchi). He tried rescuing his wife from the land of the dead, but she could not return to him and was now a deity of death, because of Izanagi fleeing from her and the ikusa and shikome she sent after him. She vowed to kill 500 people each day in the mortal world, to which Izanagi said he'd give life to 1500.
- Note that the death wasn't from the normal pain of giving birth, but from the burns that typically result in shoving a fire deity out of yourself.
- Women in the Pendragon RPG have an extremely high chance of suffering this; it's actually the most common cause of death, at least for female PCs. The system is also fairly misogynistic, reflecting many 'medieval values,' so childbirth is pretty much a female PC's main duty, unless they're very inventive with their character. At least one such PC made it her life's goal to avoid getting married and pregnant, just to avoid this.
- In a bit more metaphorical example of this trope, the creation of Slaanesh in Warhammer 40000 destroyed the Eldar civilization.
- The birth of a werefox in the Kitsune supplement for the old World of Darkness almost always causes this...sort of. For mystical reasons that are never completely explained, the birth of a Kitsune requires a sacrifice, so a non-Kitsune parent of a Kitsune has a 90% chance of dying when the child is born. Yes, this happens to fathers as well as mothers.
- The Weathermay-Foxgrove sisters, successors to Van Richten as Ravenloft's most widely-read occult scholars, lost their mother to this trope. Probably justified: even today, twin births are always considered high-risk, and medical care even in Mordent is 17th-century at best.
- Can happen in FATAL, although this can easily be because the Fetus Terrible is a sentient, raptophilic military fork just like its father.
- According to the Pathfinder supplement Blood of Fiends, this is why "Motherless" is a canonical slang term for qlippoth-tieflings.
- Cruelly twisted in the play Long Day's Journey Into Night: Mary was severely injured during the youngest son, Edmund's, birth and got addicted to morphine to ease her physical pain. This is one of the many cruel, final insults James hurls at Edmund before the end of the play, and even he realizes he has gone too far in blaming him for that.
- Appears in the musical "Kristina", based on Vilhelm Moberg's "Emigrants" suite. Though in this case it is a miscarriage that leads to the death of Kristina.
- In Our Town, the final scene of the play is about Emily looking back on the town and her life after she dies in childbirth.
- Maurice Maeterlinck's play Pelléas et Mélisande -- much better known as an operatic adaption by Claude Debussy. The fey beauty Mélisande dies giving birth to a tiny child, as the Older and Wiser King Arkel laments "now the child must live in her place: it's the poor little one's turn"
- Richard Wagner's operatic tetralogy The Ring of the Nibelung has this in store for Sieglinde, who dies as she gives birth to the hero Siegfried, her child with her already dead twin brother Siegmund. Her sort-of "midwife", the dwarf Mime, takes baby Siegfried in.
- In A Midsummer Night's Dream, the disputed page boy's mother died in childbirth, which is why Titania's raising him.
- Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad's mother from Assassin's Creed.
- In the adventure game Bad Mojo, protagonist Roger Samms' mother died giving birth to him, and he grew up with his father resenting him for it. In what is far from a coincidence, his landlord Eddie's late wife died giving birth to their son...
- Psycho Mantis's Freudian Excuse in Metal Gear Solid is that his mother died in childbirth, prompting his father to blame him for her death. When his Psychic Powers developed, he read his father's mind, and saw how much his father hated him. He was overwhelmed, blacked out, and woke up hideously scarred with his hometown in flames.
- In Fallout 3 this is what happens to the PC's mother at the very start of the game.
- In the Adventure Game Adaptation Expansion of Harlan Ellison's I Have No Mouth, and I Must Scream, one character's life is chillingly and clinically summed up, one event at a time. The first is "You were a Cesarean. Your mother died on the operating table. You went to live with your grandparents."
- Used in couple of Final Fantasy games.
- In the added backstory in the Nintendo DS version of Final Fantasy IV, Cecil's mother died giving birth to him. For Cecil's elder brother Theodor, her death combined with Kluya's death just shortly earlier is what allows Zemus to gain control of Theodor and turn him into Golbez.
- This is part of Gau's backstory in Final Fantasy VI. His mother's death is what caused his father to go mad and leave him in the Veldt. The Japanese and the retranslated versions also stated that Edgar and Sabin's mother died giving birth to them. And then then there's Relm's mother.
- This is the offical explanation of what happened to Sephiroth's mother "Jenova" in Final Fantasy VII. Besides that, his actual, human mother Lucrecia Crescent tried to kill herself shortly after he was born due to her guilt over the experiments on him and ended up vanishing from the public eye, freezing herself in crystal. The way it was translated originally made it sound a lot like she died in childbirth and Cloud and Co. actually met her ghost later on.
- In FFVIII Squall's mother Raine died in child birth and he was sent to the orphanage.
- Silent Hill 3 has an utterly bizarre example that technically fits the trope, involving the demon Fetus Terrible in Heather's womb which will kill her when it's born, and actually does kill Claudia after she eats it (it's a long story). And if the player doesn't figure out what to do to cause this scene, then Heather will suffer the consequences.
- Commonly assumed to be the case with Marowak and Cubone in Pokémon based on the latter's Pokédex entry.
- In Dragon Age Origins the assassin Zevran's mother died giving birth to him and he was raised in a whorehouse before being sold to the Crows. Zevran seems to blame himself for it, referring to her as his "first victim". One of the unique gifts one can give him (for quite a few approval points) is a pair of Dalish gloves similar to the ones his mother left behind.
- Alistair's mother died giving birth to him, too. For extra points, he was the illegitimate son of the king, and his half-sister Goldanna blames him for their mother's death (and just about everything else). It's subverted, actually: Alistair's mother is the ex-Grey Warden Fiona, now an important mage from Orlais, who was the lover of King Maric in the past. She gave baby!Alistair away and explicitly asked for her identity as his mom to remain a secret.
- Fire Emblem:
- In the backstory of the Fire Emblem Akaneia games, Anri the Hero's beloved Princess Artemis not only couldn't marry him for his lowborn origins, but died when she gave birth to her and Duke Cartas' kid. She's said to have cursed the Fire Emblem itself in what's known as Artemis' Curse, which would bring misfortune to her descendants and to anyone who tries to use the Emblem itself.
- Fanon dictates that Emmeryn, Chrom and Lissa's mother in Fire Emblem Awakening may have died after giving birth to Lissa. It has also been cited by Fire Emblem Fates as a possibility for Queen Ikona aka the birth mother of the Hoshidan Royals (after she had Sakura alias the youngest princess, of course).
- Fire Emblem: Three Houses has Byleth's mother dying like this in the backstory. Their father Jeralt never blames his son/daughter for it, in fact he tells them that their mother loved them very much even when she could never fully meet them and even gives them a ring that belonged to her. It's later revealed that baby!Byleth was this close to die too, but was saved via a magic procedure involving a certain "Crest Stone"...
- It's believed by The King of Fighters fans that Iori Yagami's mother died like this due to the Orochi curse afflicting the descendants of the Yagami clan. The curse is very powerful and physically painful on the Yagamis, so it's not out of the question.
- It's heavily implied that Sam's mother died from complications after childbirth in Cheer but Sam's father insists that she's not to blame.
- Kevin and Kell's Wanda Woolstone dies in childbirth giving birth to Corrie, which serves as a FreudianExcuse for her father Ralph to want to eat Kevin in order to spare his sister the same grief.
- The end of Anders Loves Maria.
- The Ciem Webcomic Series and succeeding books go for the inversion: Candi lives; Angie dies.
- Classic Gerosha: Angie exhausts her Life Energy to defeat Kimi's Psychic Powers.
- Comprehensive Gerosha: Angie is fatally injured and dies a few hours after birth because the house imploded during a bombing and fell on top of Candi. Kimi's clairvoyance is defeated by Angie's conception anyway.
- Thump Sharpley's mother in Everyday Heroes died during childbirth. Thump had to be rescued by c-section, but sustained a small amount of brain damage due to lack of oxygen.
- Gunnerkrigg Court offers a more protracted example. Surma wasted away over a twelve-year period due to her non-human heritage forcing her to transfer her life-force to her daughter. This same fate awaits said daughter, Antimony, should she have children.
- In The Gamers Alliance, Viirsa gives birth to Kaisa and dies in her lover Hector's arms after being fatally wounded in the aftermath of the infiltration of Myridia during the Great War.
- The mother of the Fiametta triplets in Survival of the Fittest version 4, which sets up most of the trio's future emotional issues.
- In Retarded Animal Babies, Puppy's mother died giving birth to him (he was the last puppy out of a huge litter). His father Sean Connery (yes really) immediately accuses him of murdering her. Puppy had suppressed this memory for years and didn't take it well at all when it resurfaced. Hamster assumes this is Puppy's Freudian Excuse for his Anything That Moves behavior -- he lacked a maternal role model growing up. It's so pitiful that even the woman he was harassing earlier doesn't have the heart to have him thrown out of the bar.
- In the ThunderCats (2011) episode "Native Son", a Flash Back reveals the Queen of Thundera died giving birth to the crown prince Lion-O. For her toddler son Tygra, who she and her king Claudius adopted after struggling to have a child, Lion-O's Royal Blood ensured he lost both his Mother and his chance at the throne at the same time; while he does love Lion-O like a brother and helps him out when needed, he has quite the issues regarding him too.
- Happened in Steven Universe, with Rose Quartz all but disappearing right after she gave birth to her half-gem and half-human child, the titular Steven. It's suggested that she's still more or less alive in him, however.
- Childbirth mortality rates have been bad at most points in history. In many cases, doing nothing would have been preferable to the Freakier Than Fiction truth - they thought the best way to assist a difficult birth was to get a group to hold the mother's torso upright and then shake her up and down to help the baby "fall out". The Catholic Church told pregnant women to prepare for their deaths due to the risks involved in childbirth.
- The ritual of "churching" was performed for women when they had recovered; it was a thanksgiving for the woman's survival, even if the child had died.
- Before World War I, it was statistically more dangerous for a woman to give birth than it was for a man to fight in a war. The three things that changed the proportions were penicillin, modern weapons, and washing hands. Until relatively recent times the main cause of death in childbirth was puerperal fever -- that is, a septicemia caused by the bacteria on the midwife or obstetrician's hands. In those time it was common for the doctors to work with other patients or even dissect the corpses and then visit a pregnant woman without even washing their hands. Hungarian physician Ignaz Semmelweiss was the first to notice the correlation between clean hands and decreased risk of the dreaded fever, and introduced the strict regimen of cleanliness in his clinic. Unfortunately, he was basically laughed out of profession by other physicians, because of course nothing bad can come from that rotting corpse the doc was dissecting before going to deliver a baby... It wasn't until James Lister that medics started to take aseptics seriously.
- According to popular folklore, the only Spartans with their names on their tombstones were those who died doing their greatest duty; men who died in battle and women who died in childbirth.
- Similar with the Aztecs: Women who died in childbirth were considered heroines the same way as men who either died in battle or were sacrificed to the gods. The tombstone of one of them would become a shrine, and if the baby died as well, the dead mom's hands would be cut off and placed next to the baby's corpse as if they were holding him/her.
- And again similar with the Vikings - historians believe that death in childbirth for the Vikings was equivalent to death in battle, and guaranteed entry into Valhalla.
- Saint Raymond Nonnatus's myth says that the "Nonnatus" name was given to him since his mother died during childbirth and baby Raymond had to be pulled out through a C-section, said to have been performed by Raymond's own father. Raymond is the patron saint of pregnant women, midwives, babies and anything related to childbirth: churches and parishes of the Mercedary Order often have altars dedicated to him alone, which tend to be covered in offers and written prayers from pregnant women who ask Raymond to tell God to protect them, plus photos of babies whose families prayed to him to make sure they'd be born safely.
- For many species of plants and insects, death by childbirth is considered natural. The production of seeds or babies would drain so much resources that the mother would quickly die of starvation. The mother (and/or father) may be designed to die after reproduction, so as not to take up the children's food.
- It's often thought that Julius Caesar was born by Caesarian section and therefore that his mother had died in childbirth (since Caesarians were 100% fatal to the mother at that date). Unfortunately for people who like to believe in Urban Legends, Caesar's mother survived his birth for many years, and the term "Caesarian section" derives from the Latin caedere, to cut. "Caesar" probably means "grey-eyed" or "elephant", and was the dictator's family name for 300 years before his birth. The words do not seem to be related, although many authorities are convinced they are.
- The "natural" level of maternal mortality in humans is 1 in 100 births. In sub-Saharan Africa, 1 in 16 women are said to die in childbirth, compared to 1 in 2,800 in the developed world. Keep in mind, though, that these numbers may be wildly optimistic; in many African countries the poorest citizens, the ones most likely to die of such things as post-partum infections, live and die uncounted and unregistered.
- In 17th century England childbirth was (outside of the plague years) the most common cause of death in women. One historian estimated that one in four London women died of pregnancy or childbirth-related matters. This long before the "medicalization" of childbirth.
- Notable women who died in childbirth include: the feminist Mary Wollstonecraft, two of Henry VII's six wives, Jane Seymour and Catherine Parr (though Catherine outlived Henry and the child, Mary, was fathered by her third husband, Baron Thomas Seymour); Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt (first wife of Teddy), Julia (Julius Caesar's daughter), Mumtaz Mahal (the Taj Mahal was built in her honour), American writer and feminist Jean Webster (author of Daddy Long Legs), Martina von Trapp (one of the Von Trapp kids), Mexican actress Marla Hiromi Hayakawa, and Canadian singer and voice actress Michal Friedman (wife of Dan Green). And while she wasn't apparently blamed for it, Mary Wollstonecraft's daughter, also named Mary, arguably had issues...seeing as she grew up to become Mary Shelley and write Frankenstein, and according to a story, she wanted to, uh, get to know Percy Bysshe Shelley (her future husband) better when they met... over her mother's grave.
- This trope was, unlikely as it may sound, a key factor in the ultimate conquest of Wales by the English. Llewelyn ap Gruffyd, the last native Prince of Wales, was allowed to wed Eleanor de Montfort, to whom he was betrothed, in exchange for some concessions to her cousin, King Edward I. One of the concessions was that he cease resisting the English rule, and essentially act as Edward's governor in Wales; Llewelyn agreed out of love for Eleanor. Unfortunately, she died giving birth to their only child, Princess Gwenllian, and Llewelyn kind of lost it. His younger brother Dafydd took advantage of his overwhelming grief to persuade Llewelyn to stage one last, dangerous campaign against the English, which they very much lost. Llewelyn was killed in the skirmish; Dafydd was captured and taken to London, where he had the dubious distinction of being the first person in recorded history to be hung, drawn and quartered; and the infant princess was kidnapped, taken to England, and raised in a convent to become a nun.
- The Safe Motherhood Quilt Project was created to honor the memory of women who died from childbirth-related causes, as well as raise awareness, since maternal death tends to go unreported in the United States.