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A Cattle Baron is the Rancher writ large. Instead of owning one regular-sized ranch, the Cattle Baron will own several ranches, possibly in more than one state, or a county-sized one with many thousand head of cattle. He (or very rarely she) will be one of the wealthiest people in the territory or state, and one of the biggest employers.
A Cattle Baron is generally at least middle-aged--it takes a while to accumulate that much capital. Some will be homegrown types who struggled their way up from single ranches, while others are foreigners (English and German are popular nationalities for this) who simply bought up land. Their clothing, tack and homes will tend to be rather ostentatious, but somewhat practical for range life.
Cattle Barons in fiction will usually have either grown or nearly grown children, a beautiful daughter and/or either a rebellious or dutiful son. Conflicts between the children, and with their parents, are frequent.
In The Western, a Cattle Baron will often be the Big Bad of the story, (Aristocrats Are Evil, even if the "Baron" bit is metaphorical with "Robber Baron") with the desire to buy out or crush independent ranchers and homesteaders to add to his wealth and power. However, they can also be a benign employer for a protagonist if their holdings are plagued by rustlers. Expect them to be rather autocratic in any case.
Compare the Railroad Baron.
- One Lucky Luke comic book (Barbed Wire On the Praire - 1967) had one of these as a Big Bad, trying to crush an independent farmer. However, he is redeemed by the end, with both him and his fellow Cattle Barons being shown that both cattle and farming will be an important part of the future.
- Patrick Stewart's character in The King of Texas, a Western version of King Lear.
- Spencer Tracy's character in Broken Lance, also a western version of King Lear.
- John Wayne's character in Red River.
- Alan Rickman's character in Quigley Down Under is an Australian take on the type.
- A variation on this is John Huston's character in Chinatown, a Land Baron.
- John Chisum was an actual Cattle Baron during the 1870s/1880s. He was portrayed by James Coburn in Young Guns 2.
- Parodied by Andy Griffith in the film Rustlers Rhapsody; the narrator notes how you never actually see any of his cattle, just hear them mooing occasionally in the background.
- J.W. Grant (Ralph Bellamy) in The Professionals. He thinks his money can buy him anything.
- 'King' Carney and Neil Fletcher in Baz Luhrmann's Australia. Sarah Ashley's late husband Maitland is a cattle baron of the foreign-born variety.
- The protagonist's dead sister's husband, James, in Sisters by Lynn Cheney (yes, that Lynn Cheney). He's of the foreign variety, definitely autocratic, and really hates homesteaders (though none of this is necessarily seen as a bad thing, and he's certainly not the antagonist).
- Charles Goodnight, a Real Life Cattle Baron, appears as a heroic character in several of J. T. Edson's novels.
- Goodnight also makes a brief but important appearance near the end of Larry Mc Murtry's Streets of Laredo
- Doña Bárbara is the Latin American (in fact, Venezuelan) take on this trope, and a female one, to boot.
- In fact, whenever wealthy people from "El Llano" (the venezuelan flatlands) appear in Telenovelas they tend not only to represent this trope, but reference Doña Bárbara in a way or another.
- Another novela example is the Brazilian soap O Rei do Gado (literally, the King of the Cattle).
- A rare benign protagonist example would be Ben Cartwright from Bonanza.
- Pete Thornton appears as one in the two MacGyver dream episodes set in the Wild West: "Serenity" and "MacGyver's Women".
- Heck Gunderson of Fallout: New Vegas, though to be technical he's actually a Brahmin Baron (Brahmin being two-headed mutated cows of post-apocalyptic America). He's also a Corrupt Corporate Executive who earned his power via cutthroat tactics and forcing other ranchers off their land at gunpoint.
- In the Whateley Universe, superpowered mutant Fantastico comes from a family of Texas cattle barons.
- The Rich Texan from The Simpsons. He's also an Oil Baron.
- The Wongs, Amy's parents on Futurama, are examples of this Recycled in Space. They only own ONE hemisphere of the planet Mars, but it's "the good hemisphere".
- Mr. Rancid from Bovo Corporation and "Jacob Laramie" in Galaxy Rangers.