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The First-Person Shooter is a popular form of Action Game. Its basic style of play is exactly what the name says: the perspective is first-person, through the eyes of the player character, and the action revolves around shooting.
This is a game genre that was first widely popularized by id Software (don't capitalize id) via Wolfenstein 3D. It actually had two potential sets of progenitors: there were Ultima Underworld and System Shock, which had sensible and consistent worlds, NPC interaction, relatively few artificial restrictions, plotlines, and puzzles, and then there were Wolfenstein 3D, Doom, and Duke Nukem 3D which had you shooting everything and ending each level by hitting the "exit" button. Game designers went with the latter for a while, but in recent years the genre has begun to shift towards the former, if slowly, with games like F.E.A.R. and Half Life.
Contrast Fixed Camera (in terms of perspective).
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