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北京. Variously romanised as Beijing (pronounced bay-jing and not beige-ing) or Peking (the older form, originally adopted by French missionaries four hundred years ago) in English, it's the capital of the People's Republic of China. The name literally means 'Northern Capital'--China having gone through a fair number of capital cities in its history, for instance Nanjing/Nanking meaning 'Southern Capital'.
This trope's name for the city references the Katie Melua song "Nine Million Bicycles", and is based on the fact that traffic jams with bicycles used to occur in the streets. The bikes have been replaced by myriads of cars these days, along with lots of air pollution and thick smog.
The population of this Mega City is roughly 17.43 million, based on those who live there six or more months a year (you need a residency permit to live in Beijing). By rich-country standards, the pollution in Beijing is very bad. By developing-country standards, the air quality in Beijing is not exceptional, being rated "only" 13th worst in the world in 2004 by the World Bank.
It hosted the Olympic Games in 2008, which provoked massive controversy, particularly with regard to China's human rights violations and their continued military occupation of Tibet. It is also set to host the Winter Olympics in 2022, making it the first city to host both Summer and Winter Olympics.
北京 in fiction
- Moment in Peking, a novel by Lin Yutang depicting the changes that took place in Chinese society between the end of the Qing dynasty and the Japanese invasion.
- Beijing Bicycle
- Mario and Sonic At The Olympic Games
- The Last Emperor