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"Whoever follows me and the river will win untold riches. But... whoever deserts..."
Aguirre, the Wrath of God (Aguirre, der Zorn Gottes) is one of Werner Herzog’s first films. It deals with the voyage of Spanish conquerors to South America, in which a separate group is formed by Don Pedro de Urzúa, Don Lope de Aguirre (Klaus Kinski) and others. Of course, being alone in the jungle starts driving the people mad.
The film kickstarted Herzog’s career and was the first of several collaborations with Kinski. According to legend, Herzog directed Kinksi at gunpoint when the actor refused to follow his commands. Herzog insists that the story is apocryphal, and merely threatened to shoot both Kinski and himself should the actor choose to quit the film. Roger Ebert regularly lists it on his top ten movies of all time.
Tropes in this film:
- Adipose Rex: Fat, gluttonous and lazy Guzmán is cynically made leader of the expedition and Emperor of El Dorado.
- Ax Crazy: Aguirre.
- Badass Boast:
Lope de Aguirre: I am the great traitor. There must be no other. Anyone who even thinks of deserting this mission will be hacked into 198 pieces. Those pieces will be trampled until what is left can be used only to paint walls. Whoever takes one grain of corn or one drop of water more than his ration will be locked up for 155 years. If I, Aguirre, want the birds to drop dead from the trees... then the birds will drop dead from the trees. I am the wrath of god. The earth I pass will see me and tremble. But whoever follows me and the river will win untold riches.
- Bilingual Bonus: Given that Werner Herzog is German, it might be interesting to note that the German name for squirrel monkeys is Totenkopfäffchen - "death's-head monkeys".
- Black Comedy: Though reviewers rarely comment on it, the movie actually contains a streak of black comedy that is sometimes obvious, sometimes subtle.
- Blow Gun: The natives keep sniping at the travelers on the raft with these.
- The Blind Leading the Blind: Nobody has a clue where they are going, but they push on like crazy.
- Booby Trap: A Spaniard walks into one early on.
- Camping a Crapper: Guzmán is murdered on a visit to the toilet.
- Cannibal Tribe: "Meat is passing by!"
- Captain's Log: The journal of Gaspar de Carvajal. As it turns out, Carvajal is a blatant case of an Unreliable Narrator, which however does not stop him from narrating. Which is actually kind of funny.
- Cassandra Truth: Inez warns Ursúa of Aguirre's rebellious scheme, and Aguirre of what she calls "God's punishment". Both warnings are unheeded.
- Chewing the Scenery: You're half afraid he's going to eat that monkey.
- City of Gold: El Dorado. Averted.
- Determinator: Aguirre will never ever give up.
- Downer Ending
- The Dragon: Perucho, Aguirre's right-hand man, doer of dirty work.
- Dwindling Party
- Enforced Method Acting: Herzog wanted Aguirre to be the epitome of Tranquil Fury, but Kinski wanted to produce a raving madman (more akin to his personality). To get his wish, Herzog would intentionally provoke Kinski into unleashing all his fury off-camera. By the time shooting began, Kinsky was exhausted, creating the performance that Herzog desired.
- Even Evil Has Loved Ones: Aguirre loves his daughter. Maybe even too much...
- Everything Is Better With Monkeys: They give a powerful effect to the ending.
- Evil All Along: While the evil intentions of Aguirre and Perucho get obvious very soon, it will come as a surprise to most first-time viewers that Carvajal is playing for the evil team.
- Famous Last Words: After being hit by a spear, a soldier says calmly before falling into the river, "The long arrows are becoming a fashion." The English dub changes this to, "I thought it would hurt much more than this."
- Fat Bastard: Don Fernando de Guzmán.
- Foregone Conclusion: The Opening Scroll reveals that the expedition is lost. Depending on the subtitles, this may get lost for non-German viewers. Not realizing or forgetting that the ending is already clear is often crucial when this movie gets bad reactions.
- A God Am I: More exactly, the Wrath of God.
- Good Is Dumb: The considerate and noble-minded Don Ursúa is indeed very easy prey for Aguirre and his cronies.
- Horrible Judge of Character: Ursúa trusts Carvajal way too much.
- How the Mighty Have Fallen: An Indian slave talks of how he was once a member of the upper caste in the Incan empire, and no-one dared look him in the eye. "Now it is I who has my face lowered to the ground."
- Hungry Jungle: The River of Insanity, the lack of food, the hostile natives, and the otherwise total isolation drive the group insane.
- Hypocrite: Carvajal. Guzmán and Perucho to a lesser degree.
- Incest Is Relative: When Aguirre finally loses it, he states what he plans to do with his daughter, whom he fails to remember is already dead.
Lope de Aguirre: I, the wrath of God, will marry my own daughter and with her I'll found the purest dynasty the earth has ever seen.
- It's Quiet... Too Quiet: Then the natives appear.
- Kangaroo Court: Set up to condemn Ursúa.
- Kick the Dog: Yell at the horse, toss the monkey.
- Left Hanging: The ultimate fate of Armando and Inez, and also Aguirre himself.
- Leave the Camera Running: Many scenes. A few of them, like an initial shot of a tumultuous river, don't have actors included.
- Losing Your Head: Aguirre beheads a man when he talks of turning back. The head keeps talking.
Aguirre: "That man is a head taller than me. That may change."
- Mainstream Obscurity: Aguirre is highly regarded by movie critics and cinephiles, but it is not widely known.
- Mind Screw: The ship in the treetops. Shared Mass Hallucination? Sanity Slippage? Then why do we see the ship? Are we getting mad, too? If it is real, how the hell did it get up there? And if Aguirre is right in saying that it is real, does that mean that Aguirre is sane, and the others have gone around the bend?
- Mr. Exposition: Gonzalo Pizarro, and a fine job he does.
- No Animals Were Harmed: Averted. Some animals get it pretty rough, what with getting pushed around and yelled at and being left in the hands of a giant madman.
- No Celebrities Were Harmed
- Opening Scroll
- Parental Incest: After his crew is all killed Aguirre declares that he'll found a new dynasty with his daughter.
- Pirate Parrot: Perucho's parrot. Perucho may not be a pirate, but he definitely is of equally low moral fibre.
- Puppet King: Guzmán is set up as a puppet emperor by Aguirre. By giving the formal leadership to the only other person of nobility, Aguirre assures that Guzmán cannot ever turn back or get second thoughts on their rebellion. Given that Guzmán is pretty incompetent compared to Aguirre, it is clear that the real power will stay with Aguirre.
- Pyrrhic Villainy: Aguirre and his henchmen triumph over the good guys, only to meet their own doom.
- Red Herring Twist: The men on the raft that is trapped in an eddy get killed by Indians overnight, but three of them have vanished. Armando explicitly wonders what happened to them. We never find out, and plotwise the whole incident serves only as a pretext for Aguirre to show disobedience to Ursúa. Similarly, it is never answered what the wounded Ursúa hides in his fist, if anything. It's brought up twice, but it seems to be totally insignificant in the end.
- River of Insanity: The whole plot.
- Rousing Speech: Aguirre gives two of these of importance: First he persuades the men who accompany him to mutiny, and the second is ironic because the people he tries to rouse are all dead.
- Scary Black Man: Parodied when a black slave is forced to remove his clothes and run ahead of the soldiers in the belief that he will scare the natives.
- Scenery Porn
- Two cases of wacky Black Comedy that often strike viewers as bizarre are actually shout-outs to The Icelandic Sagas: The severed head counting 'ten' and the lethally wounded man commenting "the long arrows are becoming a fashion" are scenes taken nearly word-for-word from Njál's Saga and Grettir's Saga respectively. The latter instance is, however, not in the English dub.
- Aguirre's line "What is a throne but a plank red with velvet?" is an authentic quote from Napoleon Bonaparte.
- Sinister Minister: Oily Carvajal, who manages to be a religious fanatic and a corrupt, greedy hypocrite at the same time.
- Sliding Scale of Cynicism Versus Idealism: A very cynical movie.
- Throw It In: A lot of scenes were improvised on the spot or were complete accidents. For example, the scene where the raft is destroyed was an accident captured on film.
- Tranquil Fury: When Aguirre makes his final monologue proclaiming eternal vengeance on any who would disobey him, to a raft of corpses and monkeys no less, he speaks with in a low, sedate voice. This was a case of Enforced Method Acting.
- Unreliable Narrator: Carvajal.
- Very Loosely Based on a True Story: The story is a conflation of the historical Pizarro-Orellana expedition of 1541-42 with the Ursúa-Aguirre expedition of 1560, seasoned with a taste of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness.
- Villain Protagonist: Aguirre.
- What Could Have Been: Herzog was travelling with a soccer team while writing the script, and one of them got drunk and vomited on the first several pages he'd done, rendering them illegible. To this day, he has no memory of what was on the lost pages.
- What Happened to the Mouse?: What happened to the horse?
- Wild Mass Guessing: The ship in the treetops calls for this. What is known by Word of God is that the ship originally was part of a subplot that was dropped in the course of filming (it was intended to be a real ship, not a hallucination). As to how it did get up there ... well ...